Medak District is located in the state of Telangana, India. Sangareddi is the district headquarters of Medak and Siddipet is the most populous city. The district had a population of 26,70,097, of which 14.36% were urban as of 2001.
The District is bounded on East by Warangal and Nalgonda Districts, on the South by Rangareddy district, on the West by Bidar district of Karnataka State and on the North by Nizamabad District. The main river of the District is Manjeera. Medak district is a backward district with more than eighty percent of the population dependenton agriculture. It has a low literacy rate and low per capita income. Industrialization is confined to a few pockets, nearer to Hyderbad. Main crops grown in the district are rice, maize sugarcane, jowar and chillies. A large quantity of maize and sugar cane are available for industrial exploitation. Cultivation of aromatic plants is being encourages. There is surplus fruit in the district like Mango, Papain for industrial use. The district has a good poulty population and significant eff production. Sericulture is mainly confined to Siddipet region, but offers scope for development in other areas too. Manual deposits are not many. Quarry, Quartz and sand are found. Handlooms sector is lagging behind because of not implementing new techniques, which can be found in Pochampalli, Bhongir and Nalgonda district.
Origin of the Name:
Medak was formerly popular as Siddapur Medak, the prefix however, lost its importance in the popular usage. The region was ruled by Kakatiyan rulers in the past. During the reign of Kakatiyan rulers the region served as one of the commanding posts. The district profile is adorned by the heritage left behind by these great rulers and the rich resources it possesses. The place is provided with a number of places that act as a good bait to the tourists. There are however, no nets and nothing fishy. The place is a known tourists destinations with some of the best attractions taking the form of ancient monuments, worshipping places and animal reserves.
Traces of Neolithic and Megalithic culture was found at Edithanur and Wargal village hillocks in the district. Rock paintings were found at Edithanur boulders and Hastallapur rocks
Buddhism & Jainism
The district was once under the vast Mauryan empire during the rule of Ashoka, followed by Sathavahanas. Archaeological excavations conducted at Kondapur village in the southern parts of the district yielded several ruins of Buddhist Monasteries and coins of Sathavahana dynasty. Some inscriptions indicate the existence of Jain Vestiges in the district.
Medak area found its peaks during the rule of Kakatiya empire. The fort built at Medak was called the Methukudurgam (and the area as Methukuseema), from the Telugu word Methuku – meaning cooked rice grain.
In 20th century Medak district was a part of Nizam princely State before independence and merged into Hyderabad State in Independent India and presently a part of Andhra Pradesh.
Medak district occupies an area of approximately 9,699 square kilometres (3,745 sq mi),comparatively equivalent to Canada’s Prince Charles Island. It is located at 18.03° N 78.27° E. It has an average elevation of 442 metres (1450 feet).
Other big towns in the Medak district include Medak, Siddipet, Dubbaka, Narsapur, Ramayampet, Gajwel, Narayankhed, Zaheerabad, Jogipet, Patancheru, Sadasivpet, Sangareddy, Ramachandrapuram, and Gummadidala. IIT Hyderabad is also located in this district.
The prestigious Andhra Pradesh Micro Irrigation Project (APMIP) has come as sign of relief to the farmers of Medak District, and they are utilizing this opportunity to minimize the Water and, Electricity consumption and increase yields with less cost of cultivation. Thus APMIP is getting popularized gradually winning over farmers during last 6 years.
The Manjira also spelled Manjra is a tributary of the river Godavari. It passes through the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It originates in the Balaghat range of hills at an altitude of 823 metres (2,700 ft) and empties into the Godavari River. It has a total catchment area of 30,844 square kilometres (3,084,400 ha).
Nizam Sagar was constructed across the Manjira River between Achampeta and Banjapalle villages of the Nizamabad district in Andhra Pradesh, India. The most outstanding feature of the project is the gigantic masonry dam sprawling across the river for 3 kilometers with a motorable road of 14 feet width.
The Singur Reservoir on Manjira River in Medak District is a sustained drinking water source of Hyderabad. The Manjira river is the main drinking water source for the Medak and Nizamabad districts as well as the adjoining twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.
With regard to the languages spoken, apart from Telugu, English, Urdu, Hindi and Marathi languages are also spoken in day to day dealings by the people. Even Telugu language has imbibed many words and phrases from these languages. The people of this district are invariably familiar with Telugu and Urdu languages.
Flora and Fauna:
Narsapur Forest, located 35 km from Hyderabad, is spread between Gummadidala and Narsapur. This forest covers 30 km². This has variety of trees, many lakes and supports wildlife. Lately, this has become a hotspot for Telugu film shootings.
Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary, located 75 km from Medak and 5 km from Sangareddy, is spread over 20 km². The average width of the sanctuary is 500 to 800 m. Nestling between Manjeera and Singoor barrages, the Manjira wild life sanctuary comprises nine small islands which are home to a number of resident and migratory birds in addition to marsh crocodiles and muggar.
Madyaragam which is quiet old with Gandhi statue inside, with 30 metres (98 ft) height which is located in the center of the city
Manjira River,The Devnoor, the village of Regode Mandal is very beautiful village over the medak dist. the river of manjeera is flows through the Devnoor.