specialization Discription
Anesthesiologist Administers drugs and monitors patient condition during surgery; also provides pain management for acute and chronic conditions.
Cardiologist Interventional Cardiologist, Cardiac Electrophysiologist – a cardiologist specializes in diseases of the heart and blood vessels; an interventional cardiologists uses guided imaging to diagnose and treat those diseases; a cardiac electrophysiologist specializes in treating irregular heart rhythms caused by electrical problems in the heart.
Cardiovascular Surgeon Cardiothoracic Surgeon – a cardiovascular surgeon specializes in the surgical management of blood vessels and heart disorders; a cardiothoracic surgeon specializes in pathological conditions within the chest.
Emergency medicine physicians who care for patients with acute illnesses or injuries which require immediate medical attention; they diagnose a variety of illnesses and undertake acute interventions to stabilize the patient.
Endocrinologist Diagnoses and treats diabetes, hormone imbalances, thyroid disease and other disorders of the endocrine system.
Family medicine provides continuing, comprehensive health care for the individual and family. Encompasses all ages, both sexes, each organ system, and every disease entity; a family physician’s care is based on knowledge of the patient in the context of the family and the community, emphasizing disease prevention and health promotion.
Gastroenterologist specializes in diseases of the digestive system.
Geriatrician (Geriatric Medicine) general practice physician who specializes in caring for older adults.
Hematologist a hematologist specializes in diseases of the blood and bone marrow.
Hepatologist specializes in diseases of the liver.
Hospitalist internal medicine physician whose practice is limited to hospital inpatients.
Intensivist hospital-based critical care medicine specialist who treats patients in intensive care settings.
Internal medicine provides diagnosis, management and nonsurgical treatment of unusual or serious diseases.
Medical Geneticist provides testing, counseling and therapy for genetic diseases.
Medical Oncologist Radiation Oncologist a medical oncologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of all types of cancers and tumors; a radiation oncologist specializes in the application of radiation to manage disease.
Neonatologist cares for premature and critically ill newborns.
Nephrologist specializes in diseases of the kidneys.
Neurologist Neurosurgeon – a neurologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of all types of disease and functions of the brain, spine, peripheral nerves, muscles and nervous systems; a neurosurgeon provides surgical management of those disorders.
Neurophysiologist a neurologist who diagnoses disorders of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems through clinical evaluations and electrophysiologic testing.
Obstetrician/Gynecologist Urogynecologist – an obstetrician/gynecologist specializes in the medical and surgical care of the female reproductive system and its associated disorders; a urogynecologist specializes in female urological problems.
Opthalmologist Optometrist – an ophthalmologist provides comprehensive eye and vision care, including to medically or surgically treat eye disorders; an optometrist specializes in diagnosing diseases of the eye and correcting vision.
Orthopedic Surgeon or orthopod an orthopedist is a surgeon who treats diseases, disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system.
Otolaryngologist the technical name for an ear, nose and throat physician.
Pathologist usually works behind the scenes to diagnose diseases by studying tissues, body fluids and organs.
Pediatrician a child’s physician who provides preventive health maintenance for healthy children and medical care for children who are acutely or chronically ill; pediatricians manage the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of their patients, in every stage of development – in good health or in illness.
Perinatologist specializes in caring for high-risk pregnancies.
Physiatrist specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation.
Podiatrist specialist that treats both medical and surgical deformities of the foot and ankle.
Pulmonologist specializes in lung disease.
Radiologist Interventional Radiologist – radiologists perform and interpret imaging tests; interventional radiologists also perform minimally invasive procedures, such as embolization, thrombolysis and biopsies, using imaging guidance.
Rheumatologist specializes in arthritis and diseases of the joints, as well as autoimmune disorders, such as lupus.
Sleep doctors diagnoses and treats sleep disorders, and also may have expertise in behavioral and cognitive methods to prevent them.[/jas]