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MARATHA KINGDOM/ BHONSLE DYNASTY

  • ‘Chatrapathi’ Sivaji, Greatest ruler among Maratha’s.
  • Father: Shaji Bhonsle, Mother: Jijiyabhai, Guardian: Dadaji Kandev
  • Spiritual Guru: Samarda Ramadas
  • An exponent in “Guerrilla Warfare” techniques.
  • Defeated Afzal Khan of Bijapur (1659 AD)
  • Defeated Military General of Aurangzeb, Shaistha Khan (Surat) in 1664.
  • Introduced new taxes Chauth (1/4th revenue from areas under Sivaji’s rule), Sardeshmukhi (1/10th revenue must be paid to King).
  • His court has ‘Ashta-Pradhanas’ (8 Ministers)
  1. Peshwa : Prime Minister
  2. Amathya : Finance Minister
  3. Mantri : Home Minister
  4. Sumanth : Foreign Minister
  5. Sachiva : Royal Correspondence
  6. Senapathi             : Military Chief
  7. Nyayadish : Judiciary Chief
  8. Panditarao : Religious Head