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Important Rulers

  1. Babar –                    1526 – 1530 AD
  2. Humayun –             1530 – 1540 AD & 1555 – 1556 AD
  3. Shershah Suri –      1540 – 1545 AD
  4. Akbar –                    1556 – 1605 AD
  5. Jahangir –                1605 – 1627 AD
  6. Shahjahan –             1627 – 1657 AD
  7. Aurangzeb –            1657 – 1707 AD

  1. BABAR ( 1526 – 30 AD)
  • Founder of Mughal Dynasty in India
  • Defeated Ibrahim Lodi in 1st Battle of Panipat (1526 AD)
  • Wrote his Auto-biography “Tuzuki-e-Baburi” (Babar Naama), in Turkish Language. It means, ‘Memories of Babar’.

  1. HUMAYUN (1530 – 40 AD, 1555 – 56 AD)
  • Son of Babar
  • Defeated by Shershah and fled away to Iran
  • Gulbandan begum, sister wrote his Auto-biography “Humayun Naama”.

  1. SHERSHAH SURI (1540 – 45 AD)
  • Founder of Sur Dynasty (Afghans) in India.
  • Introduced ‘Pattadri System’ (Pattas to Farmers), Silver Rupia, Gold Mohar.
  • Successor’s: Islam Shah (1545 – 53 AD) , Sikindar Shah (1553 – 55 AD)

  1. AKBAR (1556 – 1605 AD)
  • At the time of Humayun death, his son Akbar was just 14 years old. So, Hem raj occupied the throne in Agra.
  • Then Akbar marched from Amarkot, Rajasthan to Agra with his guardian Bairam Khan and waged 2nd Battle of Panipat (1556 AD).
  • Abolished Jijiya, Pilgrimage tax
  • Introduced a new religion called, Din-i-Ilahi” (1582 AD).
  • Introduced ‘Mansabdari System’; a rank in Civil & Army administration.

  1. JAHANGIR (1605 – 1627 AD)
  • Son of Akbar, (Real Name- Salim, Wife- Mehurnnisa)
  • After marriage, he gave her title ‘Noorjahan’ (Light of World).
  • But her domination in rule led to a civil war with her brother Asaf Khan, Military Chief (Father of Mumtaj Begum).
  • Finally he jailed Noorjahan and made his Son-in-law, Shah Jahan as the emperor.

  1. SHAH-JAHAN (1627 – 1657 AD)
  • He built Taj Mahal, Agra and Red Fort, Delhi.
  • He took 22 years (1631 – 1653) for completion of Tajmahal (Ustad Isa).
  • He has 4 sons Darashikov, Murad, Aurangzeb, and Shahshuja. But Aurangzeb, killed all his 3 brothers, imprisoned his father and occupied the throne.

 

  1. AURANGZEB (1657 – 1707 AD)
  • Third Son of Shahjahan
  • Annexed Bijapur (1686 AD) and Golconda (1687 AD), Renewed Jijiya tax