Ajmer District, Rajasthan in western India. The city of Ajmer is the district headquarters.
Ajmer District has an area of 8,481 km², and a population of 2,180,526 (2001 census). Three main religions are; Hindu 1,869,044, Muslim 244,341, Jains 47,812. The district is situated in the center of Rajasthan, and is bounded by Nagaur District to the north, Jaipur and Tonk districts to the east, Bhilwara District to the south, and Pali District to the west.
Ajmer District, Rajasthan geography
The eastern portion of the district is generally flat, broken only by gentle undulations. The e western parts, from north-west to south-west, are intersected by the Aravalli Range. Many of the valleys in this region are sandy deserts, part of India’s Thar Desert, with an occasional oasis of cultivation. Some fertile tracts are also present; among these is the plain on which lies the town of Ajmer. This valley has an artificial lake, and is protected by the massive walls of the Nagpathar range or Serpent rock, which forms a barrier against the sand. The only hills in the district are the Aravalli Range and its offshoots. Ajmer is almost totally devoid of rivers. The Banas River touches the south-eastern boundary of the district so as to irrigate the pargana of Samur. Four small streams—the Sagarmati, Saraswati, Khari and Dai—also intersect the district.
The district is divided into four subdivisions, Ajmer, Beawar, Kekri and Kishangarh, and further subdivided into nine tehsils, Ajmer, Beawar,Bhinai, Sarwar, Sawar, Tantoti, Nasirabad, Masuda, Kekri, Kishangarh.
Places To Visit at Ajmer District, Rajasthan
ADHAI – DIN KA- JHONPRA
This is a masterpiece of Indo – Islamic architecture, is located near the Dargah Sharif and consists of a quadrangle cloistered on all four sides. The inside has a front screen wall of seven pointed arches. Originally a Sanskrit college within a temple enclosure. It was destroyed by Mohammad Ghauri and converted into a mosque. The name, Adhai-din-ka-Jhonpra was given to it in the latter half of the 18th centurywhen fakirs began to assemble here in the times of the Maratthaas to celebrate the URS anniversaryof the death of the Pir Panjaba Shah, which lasted for two-and-a-half days, and fakirs residences are Jhonpras(huts), It is beacause of the that it gets its name. Pillars from at least thirty temples went into the making of this structire, but the screen and arches were added in 1266 A.D.
This beautiful artificial lake was built in the 12th century and named after Anaji Chauhan. The ‘Baradari’ (or Pavillion) was built by Mughal Emperor, Shahjehan. The huge embankment is a fine example of the corporate life in Ajme at that time.
DARAGH KHWAJA SAHEB
The final ersting place of the Saint, Khwaja Moin-ud-din Chisti, the bestower of Boons. It os popularly known as Ghareeb Nawaz. Built in the 13th century. It is approached through a gigantic gate with a silver door. The ‘Buland Darwaza’ (or the great Door) leads to the second courtyard. The grave of the saint has a domed chamber, encircled by a Silver railing and a Marble screen. ‘Quawwals’ (Singers of Quawwalis) from all over the world, come to sing praises of the Saint, charging the atmosphere with a Soul filled current. Here ‘Fakirs’ plead for alms, while Khadims, (or Servants of the Saint) look out for Pilgrims. Outside the Dragah is a crowded Bazaar filled with ritual offeringsfor the Dragah. Two massive ‘Degs’ (Cauldrons) originally donated by the Mughal Emperor Akbar and Jehangir and later replaced in the 19th century ar placed in the courtyard in which rice pudding is cooked. As part of the ritual, professional looters empty the Degs in a few minutes and then jumop inside to scrape it clean. This loot is then sold as ‘Tabarruks’ (sacred food).
‘Urs’ (or the death Anniversary of the Khwaja) is a six-day celebration, attracting people of sects. It begins on the first day of the Islamic month of the Rajab and ends on the sicth day. It is only second in sanctity to Mecca, Medina.