Baran District, Rajasthan. The headquarters of the district are located at the city of Baran.
Before Indian independence in 1947, most of present-day Baran District, Rajasthan was part of the princely state of Kota. It was formed on 10 April 1991 by carving out Kota district.
Baran is located at 25.1°N 76.52°E. It has an average elevation of 262 metres (859 feet).
Kali Sindh, Parvati River, Parwan River, Andheri, Ban-Ganga are the major rivers.
The City has a dry climate except in the monsoon seasons. The winter season runs from mid of November to February and summer season runs from March to mid of June. The period from mid of June to September is the monsoon season followed by the months October to mid of November constitute the post monsoon or the retreating monsoon. The average rainfall in the district is 895.2mm. January is the coldest month with the average daily maximum temperature of 24.3’C and the average daily minimum temperature of 10.6’C.
According to the 2011 census the Baran district had a population of 1,222,755. It roughly equals to the nation of Trinidad and Tobago or the US state of New Hampshire.This gives it a ranking of 389th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 175 inhabitants per square kilometre (450/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.8%. Baran has a sex ratio of 926 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.38%.