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Barmer District, Rajasthan

Barmer District, Rajasthan state of India. It is located in the western part of Rajasthan state forming a part of the Thar Desert.Barmer is the third largest district by area in Rajasthan and fifth largest district in India. District headquarters is in the town of Barmer. The other major towns in the district are: Balotra, Guda Malani, Baytoo, Siwana, Jasol and Chohatan. Recently, a large onshore oil field has been discovered and made functional in Barmer district.

In earlier times, the district was known by the name Mallinath. Mallinath was the son of Rao Salkha and Mallinath is a God who is still worshiped by Rajputs. The whole area around the river Luni was said to have Malani, derived from the name Mallinath. In the 18th century the name Barmer or Balmer was adopted by the British rulers of India and is derived from the name of the earlier 13th century ruler Bahada Rao Parmar (Panwar) or Bar Rao Parmar (Panwar), it was named Bahadamer (“The Hill Fort of Bahada”).

Geography

Barmer is located in the western part of the state forming a part of the Thar Desert. The district borders Jaisalmer district in the north, Jalore district in the south, Pali district and Jodhpur district in the east, and Pakistan in the west.

The total area of the district is 28,387 square kilometres (10,960 sq mi).After Jaisalmer district and Bikaner district, it is the third largest district of Rajasthan. It is also the fifth largest district in the country.

The district is located between 24,58′ to 26, 32’N Latitudes and 70, 05′ to 72, 52′ E Longitudes.

The longest river in the district is the Luni. It is 480 km in length and drain into the Gulf of Kutch passing through Jalore. The variation in temperature in various seasons is quite high. In summers the temperature soars to 46 °C to 51 °C. In winters it drops to 0 °C (41 °F). Primarily Barmer district is a desert where average rainfall in a year is 277 mm. However, extreme rainfall of 549 mm rain between 16 and 25 August 2006 left many dead and huge losses due to flood in a nearby town Kawas and whole town submerged. As many as twenty new lakes formed, with six covering an area of over 10 km².

Poorly planned and rapid urbanisation has increased Barmer’s vulnerability to flash flooding. The local ecology and soil type is not equipped to deal with sudden or excessive water accumulation, which causes short- and long-term damage. Other areas suffer the gradual effects of ‘invisible disasters’, which also threaten the lives and livelihoods of the locals.

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Barmer one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF)

Points of interest

Siwana fort, in Siwana Tehsil, is a very old fort, estimated at over a thousand years old. In local language its name is Gadh Siwana.. Jogmaya Gadh Mandir, in Barmer is a very old temple of Devi Jogmaya and is popular temple specially for Navratri. Sujeshwar Hanuman Tekri, Shiv Mandir, Jasedar Dham, Indroi Temple, Safed Aakda, Nakodaji, Juna Keeradu, Barmer Desert, Nimbdi are some other attractions in Barmer City.

>Majal City, Sanjada mata temple.
Viratra mata temple near Chohtan is a good place to go. Asotra (Lord Bhramha Temple), Bheemgoda, Aashapura Mata Mandir, Hinglaj Maata Mandir near Siwana, Khed Temple, temples in Chohtan are good places to visit.

>[ RANIYADESHIPURA ] is a small village located near Kalyanpur Town {N.H.112} known for ROKADIYA HANUMANJI TEMPLE, BHERUNATHJI VERA WALA, THAKURJI TEMPLE.