Pali District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India.Pali is Rajput Dominated district. The town of Pali is the district headquarters.
History of Pali District, Rajasthan
During the Kushana Age, King Kanishka had conquered Rohat and Jaitaran area, parts of today’s Pali district, in 120 AD. Till the end of seventh century A. D. this area was ruled by the Chalukya King Harshavardhana along with other parts of the present state of Rajasthan .
During the period from 10th to 15th century, boundaries of Pali extended to adjoining Mewar, Godwad and Marwar. Nadol was the capital of Chauhans. All Rajput rulers resisted the foreign invaders but individually fought for each other’s land and leadership. After the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan, against Mohammed Gauri, the Rajput power of the area was disintegrated. Godwad area of Pali become the subjects of then ruler of Mewar, Maharana Kumbha. But Pali city which was ruled by Brahmin rulers with the patronage of neighbouring Rajput rulers, remained peaceful and progressive.
The 16th and 17th centuries saw a number of battles in the surrounding areas of Pali. Shershah Suri was defeated by Rajput rulers in the battle of Giri near Jaitaran, Mughal emperor Akbar’s army had constant battles with Maharana Pratap in Godwad area. Again after the Mughals had conquered almost all of Rajputana, Veer Durga Das Rathore of Marwar made organized efforts to redeem the Marwar area from Aurangzeb, the last Mughal emperor. By then Pali had become subservient to Rathores of Marwar state. Pali was rehabilitated by Maharaja Vijay Singh and soon it became an important commercial center.
Under British era in India in 1857, various Thakurs of Pali under the stewardship of Thakur of Auwa fought against the British rule. Auwa fort was surrounded by the British army and then conflicts lasted many days.
Geologists trace the existence of Pali to pre-historic age and maintain that it has emerged from the vast western sea spread over a large part of the present day Rajasthan. In the Vedic age Maharshi Javali stayed in this area for meditation and interpretation of Vedas. The Pandavas in the Mahabharata age also have made this area (near Bali) their resting place during the exile. As a part of ancient Arbuda Province, this area was known as Balla-Desh.
Places of interest in Pali District, Rajasthan
Ranakpur village is home to important Jain temples. 400+ marble pillars support the temple. Opposite the Jain temple is the much older Sun Temple.Temples of Ranakpur present a distinct style of their own. The ceilings of the temples are adorned with foliate scrollwork and geometric patterns. The top and bottom part of the domes are joined by Brackets with figures of deities on them. The most important amongst all the temples within the complex is the Chaumukha Temple. Dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankara, Adinath, it is a four faced temple which has a basement of 48,000 square feet (4,500 m2). The temple boasts of four subsidiary shrines, 24 pillared halls and 80 domes standing on the support of nearly 400 columns (the total number of columns in the temple complex, however, is much larger, around 1444). Each of the columns is richly carved and interestingly no two columns present the same design. Moreover, the columns change colour from golden to pale blue with the passage of every hour during the day.
Jawai Dam is one of the biggest dam of western Rajasthan and situated in Sumerpur tehsil of Pali district, having capicity of 6000 million cubic feet. Jawai Dam is a good tourist spot.
Parshuram Mahadev Temple
Parshuram Mahadev Temple is in Desuri tehsil and situated on the top of one of the hills of Aravalli. This is the famous temple of lord Shiva made by Parshuram with his axe. The temple is 14 km away from Sadri Town of Pali.
The Sacred temple or than of Om Banna is 20 km away from the city on jodhpur-pali highway. This is the site where Om Banna died in road accident. The Moter bike of Om Banna is kept there for the devotees for worshiping.
Aai Mata Ji Temple
There are famous temples of Shri Aai Mata ji in Narlai and Dailana where A Jyoti has a continuous flame which produces Kesar (a saffron colored soot) instead of Kajal (carbon black). Main followers of Aai Mata ji are Seervi सीरवी community.
Nimbo Ka Nath Mahadev Temple
Nimbo Ka Nath Mahadev Temple is situated on Falna to Sanderao route. There is a myth which says that pandavas stayed here with mother Kunti during the exile. Kunti used to worship shiva at this place.
Lawaji maharaj ka temple
Lawaji maharaj ka temple is situated on sojat city to marwar junction route, near to khariya sodha village.There is a mith which says Lawaji maharaj ( a Kshatriya warrior)secrifice his life for saving the animals like as cows.
Apart from Ranakpur has also famous Jain temples of Shri Varkana Parswanath Jain Tirth, Shri RataMahaveer Jain Tirth, Muchhal Mahavir Temple, Ghanerao, Shri Narlai Jain Tirth, Shri Nadol Jain Tirth,Shri Shantinath Jain Temple Sumer,Shri Chintamani Parswanath & Shri Shankheshwar Parswanath Bagol, Shri Astapadh Jain Tirth Rani, Shri Takhatgarh Jain Tirth, Navlakha Mandir, Shri Korthaji tirth at Bamnera, Shri Manmohan Parshvanath jinalaya Banta, Falna Swarn Temple.
Apart from above Pali district has other tourist attractions like Jadan Aashram, Bangur Museum, Lakhotia Garden, Manpura Bhakhari, Maharana Pratap Smarak etc. Jadan Aashram is situated in Marwar Junction tehsil of Pali district and is hardly 20 km from Pali and is famous for its ‘ॐ’ (Om-sacred syllable among Hindus) shape building.
People born in Pali District
Maharana Pratap was born in Pali at Nanihal (house of mother’s father) near Dhanmandi kachedi. It was destroyed three times and reestablished again. Meera Bai born at kudki, Jaitaran in 1498. While Nadol was once the capital of Prithviraj Chauhan’s empire.
Shri Sonana Khetlaji’s, at Aana Fair, Parshurama Mahadevji’s Fair and Nimbo ka nath (Nimbeshwar Mahadev)’s fair are important fairs held in the district. All R Welcom By kothari family on Occasion Of Bagol Funfair Falgun-Festival Bhajan Sandhiya & Mahadev Gaer Dandiya March in Falgun Month. Bagol a 16th-century populated Village established in 1515 by Solanki Rulers
Adho Duraso (1538–1651) Poet. Born in Jaitaran