Pratapgarh district, Rajasthan

Pratapgarh district is the 33rd district of Rajasthan, created on 26 January 2008. It is a part of Udaipur Division and has been carved out from the erstwhile tehsils of Chittorgarh, Udaipur and Banswara districts. Pratapgarh town (Pin Code 312605, STD Code 01478) is the administrative headquarters of the district. As of 2011 it is the second least populous district of Rajasthan (out of 33), after Jaisalmer.

History of Pratapgarh district, Rajasthan

Sisodia clan is amongst the ancient royal families in India. This family ruled Mewar for more than eight hundred years. The famous Rajputs- Maharana Sangram Singh (also known as Rana Sanga), Maharana Kumbha and Maharana Pratap (1540-1597) all belonged to this family. The rulers of ‘Partabgadh-Raj’ were descendants of Sisodia clan of Mewar Rajputs.

Maharana Kumbha (1433–1468) was the ruler of Chittaurgarh state in the 14th century. Legend has it that due to some family dispute on property issues with his cousin Kshem Singh alias Kshemkarana (1437–1473), angry King Kumbha expelled him from his territory. Kshemkaran’s family was refugee for some time and lived in the Aravali ranges in the southernmost part of Mewar regime. In 1514, Kshemkaran’s son Prince Surajmal (1473–1530) became the ruler of Devalia. Surajmal established his capital of ‘Kanthal-Desh’ at Dewaliya, (also called Devgarh), a small town about 10 km in the west from present Pratapgarh town, where old temples, cenotaphs, a historical palace and other ruins of bygone ‘Partabgarh’ regime still can be seen. Thus, historically, Pratapgarh has been an integral part of Mewar Rulers of Udaipur.

Economy at Pratapgarh district, Rajasthan

Major crops of this region are wheat, barley, maize, groundnuts, soya beans, gram, mustard, and some pulses.<.p>

Opium is also a major crop of Pratapgarh. There are 6,781 license holder-farmers in the district cultivating opium. The production of opium in 2011 in Pratapgarh district was 15,85,373.410 kg precisely as per statistics of District Opium Officer, Pratapgarh, Narcotics Bureau, Government of India.

Irrigation in Pratapgarh district, Rajasthan

The major Irrigation project of the district is the Jakham Dam, located in Anooppura village of Pratapgarh Tehsil, 32 km from Dhariawad and 35 km from district headquarters. This dam was built on the Jakham river, which originates from a small village Jakhamia in chhoti sadree subdivision. The Jakham dam’s foundation was laid on 14 May 1968 by chief minister Mohan Lal Sukhadia, however, the actual construction-work of the dam started in 1969-70. The dam itself was completed in 1986, but took another twelve years for the completion of this irrigation project in March 2000. Initially the catchment of the Jakham Dam was 5,015 MCft for irrigating 52,354 hectares of land. Out of its total water retention capacity of 5,015 MC ft, the usable water capacity is 4,671 MC ft. The cost of this project is 106.03 crore. The length of this Dam is 253 meters, out of which spillway is in 90 m in length. The area around the dam is hilly and rugged but interesting. 13 km from the main dam, Nangaliya pick up ware has been constructed with Left main canal (39.90 km) and right main canal(34.12 km). Irrigation facility is being provided in 118 villages in Dhariawad sub-division.

Agriculture in Pratapgarh district, Rajasthan

Pratapgarh is one of the greenest districts of Rajasthan. Major crops, as indicated above, are wheat, Maize, Soya bean and opium. Agriculture is practiced both in the valleys and on the tableland on the hilltops. Common lands account for 40% of the total geographical area, nearly 30% of the common lands fall in the forest land category. The area is a schedule V area, predominantly inhabitaed by the tribal communities.

Meenas are the most numerous comprising about 55% of the entire population. Average landholdings are small and canal irrigation facilities are limited only to Dahriyawad and Peepal Khoont tehsils, therefore agriculture is mostly rain-fed. Besides farming, the tribal communities depend upon the forests for their food, fodder and fuel (wood requirements). Many of the members of tribal communities do migrate to nearby towns in Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh to find a job as farm-labourers or construction workers.

The production of wheat in 2009–10 was 1,90,585 MT in the district, of Maize it was 1,28,984 MT followed by Soya bean as 1,69,133, Mustered as 8,296 MT. Small quantity of Rice-production (989 MT) was also recorded.