Tonk District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. The city of Tonk is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district is bounded on the north by Jaipur district, on the east by Sawai Madhopur district, on the southeast by Kota district, on the south by Bundi district, on the southwest by Bhilwara district, and on the west by Ajmer district.
History of Tonk District, Rajasthan
During the regime of Nawabs, the natives were invited to an Islamic function of Milad-un-nabi without regard to caste, color or creed. It was organised by the ruling Nawabs for a period of seven days in the month of Rabi al-awwal.
The founding ruler of Tonk was Nawab Muhammad Amir Khan (1769-1834). Tonk was known as Samwad Lakshya in the Mahabharat period. In the Mauryan regime, it was under the Mouryas and then it was merged into Malvas. Most of the period was under Harsh Vardhan. According to Hevan Sang, visitor to China, it was under Bairath State. In the regime of the Rajputs, this state was under Chavras, Solankis, Kachvahs, Sisodiyas and Chouhans. Later, it was under the regime of King Holkar and Sindhia.
In 1806, Amir Khan conquered it, taking it from Balvant Rao Holkar. The British government captured it in turn. Under the treaty of 1817, the British government returned it to Amir Khan. Tonk was founded in 1818 by an Afghan military leader who was granted land by the ruler of Indore.
Geography of Tonk District, Rajasthan
Tonk is situated on National Highway No. 12 at distance of 100 km from Jaipur. It is located in northeastern part of the state between 75.19′ & 76.16 East longitude and 25.41′ and 26.24′ North Latitude. The total area of the district is 7194 km2.(as per 2002-03)
Economy in Tonk District, Rajasthan
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Tonk one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.
Places of Interest in Tonk District, Rajasthan