Mansa is a city and a municipal council in Mansa district of Punjab, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Mansa district and is situated on the Bathinda-Jind-Delhi railway line and also on the Barnala-Sardulgarh-Sirsa state highway.
The population is Punjabi-speaking and is wedded to the Malwa culture of Punjab.
Mansa is situated in the cotton belt of Punjab. Indeed, agriculture forms the backbone of the district economy. During the months of November and December a visitor to this part of Punjab shall be the proud witness to the pristine, milky white bloom of cotton. Mansa has a Temple of Baba Bhai Gurdas Ji in the southeast of the town. At Baba Bhai Gurdas Ji Temple, every year a fair held on March–April Season.
History of Mansa district,Punjab
Mansa District was formerly a part of Phulkia Sikh Dynasty (1722–1948) then part of Kaithal Sikh Kingdom (1762–1857). The present district was formed on 13 April 1992 from the erstwhile Bathinda district. The town is said to have been founded by Bhai Gurdas who hailed from Dhingar, Distt. Mansa. He is said to have been married at this place among the Dhaliwal Jat Sikh. Once he came to his in-laws to take his wife along with him but they refused to send her. At this, Bhai Gurdas sat in meditation before the house of his in-laws. After some time, the parents of the girl agreed to send their daughter with Bhai Gurdas. But he refused to take her along with him, stating that he had now renounced the worldly way of life. In his memory, his Smadh was constructed where a fair is held every year in March–April. People in large numbers attend the fair and offer Laddus and Gur at Smadh. Class ‘A’municipality has been functioning in the town since 1952.The town has two Colleges, viz. Govt. Nehru Memorial Post Graduate College and S.D. Kanya Mahavidyala College, 3 Senior Secondary School, 90 High School, 1 Middle School and 1 Primary School and one Distt. Library and has one civil hospital, 3 dispensaries and 1 Ayurvedic and 1 Homeopathic dispensary. There are two police stations i.e. PS City and PS Sadar and also a railway station.
Ancient period of Mansa district,Punjab
The ancient history of the Mansa district has been traced to the Indus Valley civilization. The archaeological finds at different villages of Mansa district are almost similar to those of Harappa and Mohanjodaro.It is divided into three parts Pre-Harappa, Harappa and Late Harappa.
Agriculture and industry Mansa district,Punjab
Mansa is situated in the cotton belt of Punjab and therefore popularly called the “Area of white gold”. Indeed agriculture forms the backbone of the district economy.
Mansa is home to the largest Thermal Power Plant of Punjab.The Thermal Power Plant has a capacity to produce 1980MW of electricity
Industrially, the district is very deficient, yet some trade and industry is being carried out in urban areas.
Major cities and towns Mansa district,Punjab
It is situated on Bathinda-Delhi railway line. It is cleanest city in Mansa district.
Budhlada was named after the two brothers, Budha and Ladha, who were khatri by caste. It is also situated on Bathinda-Delhi railway line. It was the largest market of Eastern Punjab and a very big recruitment centre for military personnel.
Notable people Mansa district,Punjab
Sawarn Singh – is an Indian rower as well as Naib Subedar in Indian Army . He was born on 20 February 1990 at Dalelwala Mansa in Punjab, India. He primarily competes in single scull events.He is bronze medalist of 2014 Asian Games held at South korea. He has qualified for 2012 Summer Olympics in Men’s single scull event and reached last eight (7:00.49, 2 km). Swarn Singh Virk secured his spot in the London Olympics by winning his event at the FISA Olympic Continental Qualification Regatta for Asia in Chung Ju, Korea. The 21-year-old Virk qualified in the men’s single sculls even for the mega-event.
London Olympics was the maiden Olympics appearance for the Jharkhand National Games gold medallist.
Kulwinder Billa -Punjabi Record Artist, hails from the Village Dhaipi of the district
Ajmer Singh Aulakh – Sahitya Academy Winner for Best Drama Director, hails from village Kishagarh Farwaahi