Angul is a district of Odisha state in India. The city of Angul is the district headquarters.
History of Angul district,Odisha
A bridge between western and coastal areas of Odisha where the prehistoric and protohistoric relics are found in the villages of Bhimakund, Kankili, Kulei, Samal, Sanakerjang, Kaliakata, Paranga, Kerjang, Ogi, Tikarapara and Pallahara. Rulers have been the Bhanjas of Angulaka-pattana, the Sulkis of Kodalaka Mandala, the Nandodbhavas of Airavatta Mandala, and the Tungas of Yamagartta Mandala.
Legend says that ancient angul was the land of tribals such as Gonds, Kandhas, Sabaras. Angul was divided into number of small feudals and all chieftains were independent. But the feudals were made to pay a tax to a king. One of the feudal kings named “Anu” started a rebellion against that bigger kingdom but the bigger king with the help of Mathura’s Rajputs suppressed the rebellion. As there was a war between both party and in local language “war” is “Golmala” so the name derived Anugol=Anu+Gol(mala). Subsequently this Anugol became Angul. The government named the area Angul in 1896.
The Bhaumakaras declined by the middle of the 10th Century AD when the eastern part of Odisha including the Dhenkanal region passed to the hands of the Somavamsis of South Kosala. The Somavamsis in their turn, were ousted by the Gangas and Odisha was occupied by Chodagangadedva some time before 1112 AD. The Ganga rule lasted till 1435 AD when a new Solar dynasty founded by Kapilendradeva came to power.
About the year 1533, Govinda Vidyadhar put an end to the Suryavamsi rule and started the rule of Bhoi dynasty, which lasted up to 1559 when Mukundadeva, belonging to the Chalukya family, occupied the throne. In 1568, the Afghans of Bengal invaded Odisha, and defeated and killed Mukundadeva after which Odisha came under their occupation. During all this period of dynastic changes, Angul played no remarkable role in history and this territory simply passed from one political authority to the other. During the rule of Suryavamsis and the Bhois and subsequently some new feudal states developed as self-contained political units. These are Angul, Talcher, Pallahara and Athamallik.
Somanath Singh Jagadev was the last independent king of Angul and he ruled for 33 years from 1814 to 1847 when he was deposed by the government according to the Doctrine of Lapse. His imperial capital is Krushnadevagara, currently known as Purunagada village 15 km from Angul town. The ruins of his fort remain there inside the lush jungle of Purunagada.
The king’s family deity or Kuladevata God Madanmohan temple is worshipped by villagers He incurred displeasure nor only among the neighbouring Feudatory Chiefs of Dhenkanal, Hindol, Daspalla, Baudh, and Athmallik but also among the British Officers by his head-strong dealings and outspoken nature. His state was confiscated by the government in their Resolution, dated 16 September 1848. Angul thus passed under the direct rule of the British and was administered by the Superintendent of the Tributary Mahals, through the agency of an officer known as Tehsildar, who collected revenue and administered justice, until 1891 when Angul was constituted a separate district. The statue of king Somanath Singh Jagadev is situated at the heart of Angul city.
The district was formally formed out of the former undivided Dhenkanal district on the date of April 1, 1993 by the Chief Minister of Odisha, Biju Patnaik.
Tourist Places in Angul district,Odisha
The temple of Budhi Thakurani is situated in one side Sunasagad hill which is in the middle place of the Angul town. The Bigraha of the Goddess is made in Black Granite stone and looks like a pillar.
Saila Shreekhetra, Odisha’s second biggest temple of Lord Jagannath, Situated near Maa Budhi Thakurani Temple.
Satkosia Tiger Reservation Project situated at Tikarapada, is One of the famous Picnic Spot. You can find very natural beauty near the riverbank of Mahanadi.
Hot spring The Deulajhari hot water spring originates from below a Shivalinga which attaches a distinct religious attribute to it. The hot water from the Deulajhari spring is collected into 36 man made ponds which circumscribe a Shiva Temple. 50 percent of the springs in the region are cold springs which lies attached to the hot springs, this very phenomenon is considered to be a miracle of nature. The waters of the Deulajhari hot spring is believed to contain medicinal properties that can heal a number of diseases and therefore travelers and pilgrims come here for curative and religious purposes. As per the ancient records there were eighty-four such springs. But many of these have been overshadowed in the jasmine forest. Now twenty-four springs are alive. Among these, the springs bearing the names like Agnikunda, Taptakunda, Himakunda, Amrutakunda and Labakusakunda are prominent ones. The temperature of water in these springs varies from 40 degree Celsius to 62 degree Celsius.Most Important and unique thing of this hot spring is two ponds are attached with water flowing to each other and one pond is having hot water where as another is cold. This is the most interesting and unbelievable thing of Deulajhari hot spring of Athmallik,Angul District.