Debagarh District, also known as Deogarh District(Odia:ଦେବଗଡ ଜିଲ୍ଲା), is a district of Odisha state, India. It is located in the northern part of the state. Debagarh is the district headquarters. The district covers an area of 2781.66 km². The district has a population of 274,095 (2001 Census). As of 2011 it is the least populous district of Odisha (out of 30).
History of Debagarh District,Odisha
Debagarh is the former capital of Bamanda or Bamra princely state of British India. The king of this princely state belongs to Ganga vamsi dynasty and one of the extended royal family of Gajapati emperor of Odisha.
Raja Shri Basudeb Sudhal Deb (1869–1903) was an enlightened ruler, he did much to further conditions in princely state and for the cause of Oriya nationalism. His contribution was more towards Literature, Education and Art. He established an educational institution, which is currently well known as Raja Basu Dev High School.His son had equally contributed to the social,cultural and scientific development of Debagarh. Bamanda was the first princely state to introduce postal,telegraph and electricity in India. Currently Jagannath sahitya sansad is actively inspiring and promoting local talent in the field of art and literature in Oriya language. The sansad was a combined effort of some real patriotic and creative people like Sh. Jagamohan Mishra, Sh. Yogesh Dalbehera, Sh. Prafulla giri, Sh. Madhusudan Guru,Sh. durga Prasad Dwivedy, Sh. Prafulla Mahapatra…….etc. A beautiful waterfall PRADHANPAT decorates the town and supply the clean drinking water to the citizen. Pradhanpat ustav is celebratrd annually near tha fall.
the citadel of creative artists dates back to 5th century A.D. when Mathara Royal Family was at the helm of the Administration. After this dynasty, Ganga Rulers came into power and established their capital at Deogarh. Deogarh attained all-round prosperity during the reign of Raja Basudev Sudhal Dev, the most enlightened rulers of this clan. A new horizon was innovated in the field of communication by the foundation of Jagannath Ballav press in 1886 and publication of a weekly magazine the “Sambalpur Hitaishini” in 1889. It was during his rule that the jail, police station, post offices, Dispensaries were established and irrigation system was introduced. He had a telephone line of 78 Miles connecting Bamara and Barkote in 1900 was the longest in India during that period. Bamanda’s own postal system was very developed. It got affiliated to the British Postal system in 1895. Sir Sudhal Dev, the then King of Bamanda had coined and issued postage stamps in his own Kingdom. He had promulgated paper currency also in his state.
After him, his illustrious son Raja Sachidananda Tribhuban Dev undertook the improvement activities of the earstwhile estate. The most outstanding developmental activities was the introduction of the hydro-electric system in Kodarkot water fall by which the Palace, cloth loom, Sugar factory established in 1908 at Rambhei got power supply. During the reign of Bhanuganga Tribhuban Dev, the estate of Bamra was merged with Odisha i,e. on 1 January 1948 and it became a part of the District of Sambalpur.
Economy of Debagarh District,Odisha
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Debagarh one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.
Geography of Debagarh District,Odisha
It has an average elevation of 192 m (630 ft).District of Deogarh is situated in the Western region of the state having its Headquarters at Deogarh. Deogarh is located between 21o 31′ 53″ N Latitude and 84o 43′ 2″ E Longitude. Deogarh Town is 90 km to the east of Sambalpur Town on N.H.-6. National Highway No.6 passes through the district acts as the main artery of inter-regional trade and other links.Among various biodiversity rich and ecologically balanced locations,”Pradhanpat” and “Kurudkut” waterfalls are with historical importance and with a salubrious atmosphere around them.Kurudkut is one of the earliest locations where hydroelectricity was generated in Asia though it is really hard to find the traces of such historical importance of those locations,thanks to the continuous negligence and lack of administrative effort being extended towards the restoration and development of those magnificent and least explored natural beauties.