Nayagarh district,Odisha

Nayagarh district is one of the 30 districts of Odisha State in eastern India. It was created in 1992 when the erstwhile Puri District was split into three distinct districts, namely Khurdha, Nayagarh and Puri. It is home to the Baisipali Wildlife Sanctuary. It is like a Hill station, so far as natural scenery is concerned. Chhena Poda is the favourite sweet for which Nayagarh is famous in Odisha. Hemanta Kumar Padhi is now heading the district administration as the District Magistrate & Collector.

History of Nayagarh district,Odisha

The history of the foundation of Nayagarh State in the thirteenth century is an important chapter in the political history of Odisha. Suryamani of Baghela dynasty came to Puri on a pilgrimage from “Rewa” of Madhya Pradesh and established his kingdom at Nayagarh. On the way to Puri, both Suryamani and his brother Chandramani took rest at night at Gunanati. The area was full of tigers and at night a tiger attacked him. Both the brothers fought the tiger and killed it. The local people praised the brave brothers and elected Suryamani as their leader. Suryamani gradually built his fort at Gunanati and married a Mali (a cast known as worshiper of lord Shiv) girl. After the death of his first wife, he again married a Kshatriya girl. From there, he then attacked Haripur and Ralaba. Ralaba was a very beautiful place. While sleeping, a tiger attacked him at Ralaba; he again fought and killed it. At that moment, he saw a lady with an empty pot passed by to fetch water. Astonishingly, she returned with a little boy. Immediately, Suryamani obstructed the way of that lady and wanted to know about the mystery. The lady told she was Bouri Thakurani (a local worshiped goddess) and the tiger that the king killed was the boy. She advised Suryamani to kill her and worship her as his deity. From that date, Suryamani worshiped “Bauri Thakurani” at Ralaba and built his fort there and adopted Tiger Head as a state symbol.

Ninth king of this dynasty “Baghel Singh” (1480–1510) came on a hunting to a place in between Rukshi and Balaram mountains and saw a wonderful sight that a rabbit pressed down a dog there. After seeing this valourous act by the prey (rabbit) on the predator, he selected and shifted his capital to this place. As per his name, Nayagarh is also known as “Baghua Nayagarh” (valourous Nayagarh). The place where such an event occurred is now known as “KukurTasara” (‘kukur’ means ‘dog’ and ‘tasara’ means a large piece of stone in Odia, where the pressing of the dog by the rabbit had occurred and hence the name).

12th King of Nayagarh was Raghunath Sing (1565–1595) who was highly powerful. During this time, Muslims had already captured Odisha and the atmosphere of the coastal Odisha was fully indiscipline. The last independent king Mukunda Dev (1565) was defeated in Gohritikira and died. By taking the advantages of the political situations of coastal Odisha, Raghunath Singh attacked Ranapur and captured Odagaon, Sarankul and Baunsiapara area from Ranapur estate and dispossessed Nayagarh-Daspalla border area from the King of Boudh and Sunamuhin area of Odgaon from the King of Ghumusar. He also captured a portion from Banpur. Before death, Ragunath Singh divided his estate between his three sons. Harihar Singh was in possession of Nayagarh and Jadunath Singh got four Khandagrams (large area of land) which was known as Khandapada later. Gadadhar Singh was the son of Harihar Singh. When he was engaged in a fight with Ranpur estate, the king of Ghumusar attacked Nayagarh. Pindik Patsahani of village Sunalati with 150 soldiers fought the great army of Ghumusar and defeated him. But, in subsequent war, he was captured by the enemy and sacrificed his life. Gadadhar Sing’s daughter married the great poet Upendra Bhanja of Ghumusar who settled at Malisahi of Nayagarh estate after marriage. When British captured Odisha, Binayak Singh Mandhata was the King of Nayagarh and the great Jadumani Mahapatra was his court poet.

There is an old adage which other districts people often ask a person from Nayagarh when somebody goes outside the Nayagarh state. This is as follows:

jebe kahibu bara gaon tera gadia (if you can say 12 village names ending in ‘gaon’ and 13 villages names ending in ‘gadia’, which are part of Nayagarh district)

Temples, Tourist, Attractions in Nayagarh district,Odisha
Temples & Religious Places
Ladukeswar Temple

This Shiv temple is situated at Sharanakula, a small town towards Odagaon Block. Maha Shivaratri is the important festival which is being celebrated every year. People from all parts of Odisha (mainly south Odisha) come to this place during the festival.The deity popularly known as “Ladu Baba” bestows blessing upon everyone. The temple is situated around 100 km from Bhubaneswar on the Nayagrah- Aska Road in Sharankul and 13 km away from Nayagarh town. The city is regarded as the golden merge of Hari (Vishnu) and Hara (Shiva). “Bolbam” is a famous traditional culture here for which people across different parts of odisha visits the temple from their own towns by walking on bare foot and carrying a stick over their shoulder holding 2 pots of water from their town and finally put in the Ladukeshwar temple on the occaison of shivaratri. The history of Ladukeshwar temple says that a cowherd used to take couple of cows to the Bhandar mountain situated on top of Ladukeshwar temple now and one day he noticed that the cow automatically milks over a stone periodically everyday and one day when by mistake the cow put the leg on that stone, blood came out of the stone. To the very surprise, the cowherd told that story to village head and on that night one temple priest saw a dream of god speaking of establishing a temple over there. And the king agreed to it and established the temple. From that day onwards Ladukeshwar temple got established in Sharankul. In front of the temple, one monkey used to come for many days and sit at the exit of temple everyday and never ate anything offered by the public and died after few days, hence one small temple was built just outside the exit in the memory of that loving devoted monkey.The temple is now further restructured with more temples internally with further introduction of “Naba gunjar”, Maa laxmi temple, haraparbati temple and floating stone of magical Ramsetu times etc.The history is very old and teaches us the culture in every respect.

Nilamadhab Temple

This temple is situated at Kantilo around 35 km from Nayagarh and 60 km distance from Bhubaneswar.It is believed that lord Jagannath is the secondary form of lord Nilamadhav, who was worshiped by the tribal head Biswabasu.

Odogaon Raghunath Temple ( Nayagarh district,Odisha )

This temple is situated at Odagaon around 40 km distance from Nayagarh town. Lord Rama is worshiped there along with lord Laxman and goddess Sita.

Dakshinakali Temple

This temple is situated in Nayagarh around 1 km distance from Nayagarh town.Goddess Dakshinakli is the prime deity of Nayagarh. It is said She was taken by a great tantrik of the royal family of Nayagarh king once on his way from Khandpara to Nayagarh. While the royal kin was coming through a mango field at night, the deity appeared before him and since he was a great tantrik, he imprisoned the devi (goddess) and asked her to come with him as an aid till he reaches Nayagarh as he was travelling alone. Goddess Dakshinakli came with the tantrik, but upon reaching Nayagarh when he asked Her now She can go, the goddess replied him as you have made me come here now give me shelter and I would not go back and even cursed him to be childless as She was the mother goddess and a son should not have done this even if he has great magical power. Since then the temple for Dakshin Kali was built on and the goddess has been worshipped.

Balabhadrapur Jagannath Temple

It is a very beautiful temple which is situated at Balabhadrapur village under Malishahi police station.

Jaleswar Temple,Dihagaon

This Shiv temple is situated at Dihagaon, a small village 5 km distance from Daspalla Town towards Gania Block. This is the only shiv temple in the Dashapalla area whose “Shiv Ling is a patali shiv ling (came from netherworld, i.e. deep earth, by itself)” and has not been established by human beings. This Shiva Ling was discovered by a tribal couple while they were searching for their habitats.Kartik Poornima is the main fastival of Dihagaon Jaleswar Temple followed by Maha Shivaratri,Dola Purnima and Sitala Sasthi.

Tourist, Attractions and Nearby places of Interest
Gokulananda Tourism Center

It is famous tourist attraction in Nayagarh district, which is situated on the bank of river Mahanadi in Sidhamula village. People from all over the state come here for picnics and to see the scenic beauty. Now there is a cottage and deer park installed near the picnic spot. Night staying is available in the cottage.

Satkosia Gorge

It is the deepest river gorge of Odisha in the river Mahanadi. Its length is about 16 km in between Angul and Dashapalla boundary. Gharial crocodile and many reptiles,aquatic birds and animals are found here.

Satakosia Wildlife Sanctuary ( Nayagarh district,Odisha )

The Satakosia wildlife sanctuary is a tiger reserve. It attracts the nature lovers to experience the Flora and Fauna of Dashapalla amidst deep dense forest with numerous trees, herbs and creepers. Tiger, elephant, deer, spotted deer, bison, hare, jackal, wolf, leopard, peacock, parrot, maina, etc., are common.

Kuanaria Dam

A medium Irrigation Project has been built on the river Kuanaria just 7 km away from Dashapalla town. It is the largest river dam of Nayagarh district and a very good picnic spot with a deer park. Irrigation I.B., Wildlife I.B. and RWSS I.B. are here for short stay of the visitors.

Budhabudhiani Dam

Budhabudhiani Dam 10 km from Odagaon town is a beautiful picnic place of Nayagarh District.

Mahaveer Khol

Mahaveer Khol, a small hill at the north of Dashapalla is believed to be the original place of God Mahaveer. Swapna Mahaveer is being worshipped here since 1983. It is a fine religious place as well as a very good spot for picnic and for visit. A 3-day-long Jajna is held here every year during Bisub Sankranti where thousands of people gather.

Bhimara (Nayagarh district,Odisha )

It is a fine place for rock trekking. Generally people gather here in the month of Kartik for a visit. It is believed that Bhim the 2nd Pandav was here for some days. So the grand rock bears the foot prints of Bhim and named as Bhimara.

Gilli Pathar & Gadda Vitara

Gilli Pathar is an actractive place where a temple of lord Giri Gobardhan (name of loard Krishna who once held the mountain Gobardan)is situated on the top of the Gamein Bhandarswar Hill. The hill is full of huge rocks. Its height is approximately 100 m from the sea level. The temple looks like Gilli (a Pin-point). The views of four paradises look beautiful from the top of the hill and it is also visible from long distances. Gadda Vitara is a picnic spot and a hill side situated in the village Gamein which is 10 km distance from Nayagarh.It is a historical place. The local people say that the king of Nayagarh had made his Gadda(a place where the King goes for safety living from the enemies at the time of wars) inside the boundaries of four large hills named Barada Pahada, Gamein Bhandarswar Mundia, Binjhagiri Mundia and Kesharpur pahada. The elephants (Nag) protect the Gada on the foot of the hills which is known as Nagamundali (now there is a village named as Nagamundali Village). There was a large plain area inside the four hills boundaries. Right now plantation has been made there by the villagers. It is a good picnic spot to view the hill side, stream and green areas.
To reach at this place,drive on the Nayagarh-Godipada road up to Kalikaprasada, then right turn for 3 km to Gamein Village. Another road is also the same 10 km distance, a 5-km drive on the Nayagarh-Odagaon Road and left turn from Jamujhala for next 5 km to Gamein Village.