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Nuapada district,Odisha

Nuapada is a city in western region of Odisha state of eastern India. It is the headquarters of Nuapada district. Nuapada district was carved out of the undivided Kalahandi district on 27 March 1993. Situated on the western border of Odisha with Chhattisgarh. The district is part of Odisha both liguistically & culturally.

History

The District of Nuapada was a part of Kalahandi District until early March 1993, but for administrative convenience, Kalahandi District was divided into two parts — Kalahandi and Nuapada.Nuapada District now comprises one sub-division Nuapada, five tehsils (Nuapada, Komana, Khariar, Sinapalli and Boden) and five community development blocks (Khariar, Sinapalli, Boden, Nuapada and Komna).

Geography

Nuapada district is in the western part of Odisha, lying between latitude 20° 0′ N and 21° 5′ and between longitude 82° 20′ E and 82° 40′ E. Its boundaries extend in the north, west and south to Mahasamund district in Chhattisgarh and in the east to Bargarh, Balangir and Kalahandi districts. The district has an area of 3407.5 km² and the administrative headquarters is located at Nuapada.

The plains of Nuapada subdivision are fringed by rugged hill ranges stretching southward, which belong to the main line of the Eastern Ghats and contain extensive plateaus of about 4000 ft (1200 m) in elevation with thick tropical vegetation. They contain such mineral deposits of laterite, graphite and bauxite.

Economy

Due to the conspicuous absence of any industry, the economy revolves around agricultural activities. Three major irrigation projects — the Upper Jonk, the Sunder dam, and the upcoming Lower Indira Irrigation Project — provide support to 45,000 acres of land. Rice is the main crop in the entire district. Other crops like corn (maize), cotton, and onion make up a major share of crops under cultivation. More than 10,000 households migrate to other states in search of better employment opportunities every year after the harvesting season is over. Though the district is tops in MGNREGS implementation, the advance provided by labor contractors before Nuakhai festival lure ignorant laborers into the plot.Due to unregistered and uninformed migration protection of migrant laborers has become a challenge to the government. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nuapada one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme

Places of Interest

Situated at a distance of 18 km, from Nuapada Yogeswar temple at Patora is famous for its ancient Shiva Linga.[6] Gulshan Kumar helped for the construction of the new temple.

Khariar is one of the major town of this district. It is also the largest town of this district. Khariar is a major transportation hub in Nuapada District as people from the three blocks namely Boden, Sinapali and Khariar depend upon the mode of transportation available in Khariar. Though Khariar is not connected by rail, it is well connected by roads. The major roads passing through Khariar are NH 353, SH 16 etc. The southern part of Nuapada district depends upon Khariar for most of the activities.