Aurangabad is a town and the district headquarters of Aurangabad District one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. Aurangabad has a population of 101,520. Aurangabad is also the District Headquarters and is situated on the NH 2 (Grand Trunk Road). The people of this region primarily speak Magahi and Hindi.
The district is home to myriad tourist attractions. Temples, historical places and Islamic pilgrimage centers are located in the district while excellent connectivity via road and efficient means of local transport have boosted tourism. As a result, the number of tourists visiting the place has increased considerably. Touring around the district will be a pleasant experience from October to March, which is considered the best time to visit Aurangabad.
It is situated west of Bodh Gaya at a distance of about 70 kilometres (43 mi) and 140 kilometres (87 mi) from Patna, the capital of Bihar.
Some of the well-known residential areas of Aurangabad are Block colony,Club Road, New Area, Karma Road. The District Court and District Magistrate Office are located in close proximity to Ramesh Chowk. Club Road is home to the town hall, district jail, social club while Karma Road houses the headquarters of the district electricity department, police center and forest department.
b<>History of Aurangabad district,Bihar
The history of Aurangabad is a part of history of the ancient Magadh which included the undivided district of Patna and Gaya(Ancient City ruled by many Gadhwal/Gahadwal also known as Suryavanshi Rajput). Three-fourth of India’s early history is the history of Magadh and the area which forms the present district of Aurangabad was a proud sharer of this glory. Although it was a part of the Mahajanpad of Magadh, yet it had its distinct racial and cultural character. Forming part of the first vast territorial empire of Magadh, it has the distinction of being ruled by Bimbisara and Ajatsatru and later on by Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka. The river Sone has been accepted by the authorities as having been western boundary of the Magadh empire.
The prominent feature of this region is that, although it was ruled by Ashoka, the great Magadh Emperor, it culturally continued to enjoy its own identity. Even during the climax of his regime, this region resisted the spread of Buddhism. Later on the people of Rajputana came here to offer pind “Dan” to their ancestors at Gaya. Attracted by the natural beauty of this region, they settled here. The rulers of Deo, Mali, Pawai, Chandragarh and Siris were the descendants of those Rajput warriors. Due to their militant Character, they resisted the domination of the Sultanate Mughals and Britishers.
During the regime of Sher Shah Suri, the area became strategically important. It formed a part of the Rohtas Sirkar. The Afghan ruler built the famous Grand Trunk Road (Now N.H. No.-02). After death of Sher Shah Suri; it came under imperial domain of Akbar. The Afghan upsurge in the area was suppressed by Todarmal and the area between Sherghati and Rohtas was brought under the Mughal Empire. But the glimpses of Afghan architecture are still visible in the old buildings of this region. During regime of Aurangzeb, his Subedar Daud Khan Kuraishi founded the town Daudnagar after defeating the Garhwal/Suryavanshi King of Palamu.
After the downfall of Mughal Empire, the area came under control of zamindars of Deo, Kutumba, Mali, Pawai, Chandragarh and Siris. The rebellious character of the zamindars of Siris, Kutumba and Pawai, is the proud-preserve in the history of this area. The credit of first rebellion against the British authority belongs to Raja Fateh Narayan Singh of Deo, whose forefathers claimed to be the descendents of Maharana Pratap and were very close to Gadhwal (suryvanshi) Rajput Kings of Gaya district. Most of Gadhwals later got shifted to Jagdishpur and Arrah (Bhojpur) to support Veer Kunwar Singh during the war against Britishers. The veteran freedom fighter Veer Kunwar Singh had his personal relationship in the family of Deo State of Raja Fateh Narayan Singh, they were his in-laws. A joint army of all the Rajputs led by the men of Raja Fateh Narayan Singh started their ride towards Jagdishpur to help Veer Kunwar Singh during the year 1857. He also had supports of Raja Chet Singh of Varanasi, Pitambar Singh of Tekari. A ferocious battle took place at both the bank of river Sone, where thousands of Britishers and soldiers of Raja Narayan Singh were killed. The Sepoy Mutiny of Danapur and Benaras created Commotion in the whole area. It remained for the whole year of 1857. In the next year, the British Government took measures to tighten their grip over administration.Aurangabad is also the birthplace of eminent nationalist & first Deputy Chief Minister of state, Bihar Vibhuti Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha who is regarded among makers of modern independent Bihar . Bihar District of Gaya was separated from Patna District, and Aurangabad was made Sub Division in the year 1865. It remained part of Gaya District till 1973. Mr. Stement was first S.D.O. of Aurangabad Sub-Division.The first member of Parliament from the district was veteran leader and former Chief Minister of unified Bihar Satyendra Narayan Singh alias Chhote Saheb.
The district of Aurangabad was separated on 26.01.1973 as per the govt.notification no 07/11-2071-72 dated 19.01.1973 from parent District Gaya. Sri K.A.H. Subramanyam was the first District Magistrate and Sri Surjit Kumar Saha was the then Sub-Divisional officer.
Culture in Aurangabad district,Bihar
Literature and culture are the finest embodiments of the spiritual stage of the human society No society can flourish without literary and cultural trends. Agriculture prospers the land where as culture prospers the wisdom. Culture sprays its beauty and fragrance by fostering and developing itself into liberty. Aurangabad has its special status in the field of literature and culture not only on provincial level but also on the national level. The land of Aurangabad has produced eminent personalities from down to ages. The composer of the book, Kadambari of India-fame living at the sacred place, Peeru, Raja Jagannath Prasad Singh, kinkar, Pandit Gangadhar Shastri (respected in the kingdom of the gwalior Raj Gharana), Shri Rudrashta Pathak, Pandit Damodar Mishra, Shri Kamleswar jee, Shri Kamta Prasad Singh, Qam, Shri Ram Ghulam Ram and Shri Shankar Dayal Singh, the Son of Shri Kamta Prasad Singh Qam and an ex-member of the Rajya Sabha are among them with their various deeds aimed at the welfare of humanity on a wide scale. The land of Aurangabad has got the fate of achieving the specialized and wealthy Jhunjhunanwa hill and a peculiar natural wealth. The ancient books in Bengali, Urdu, Persian, Sanskrit, Hindi and English are available at the hands of the members of the family of Raja Narayan Singh in Bihar. The eminent singer and artist of Repute, Isaraj is the gift of this district.
Fifty two bighas of the pond of the king, Bhairwendra of Umaga of the 6th century, the well, standing on the Rani Ghat hill, the Bawan temple on the mountain are the symbolic of our prowess and self-respect. The ruins of Maa Satyachandi, Satavahini, Sita, Thapa, Hariyahi Dame on the river, Batane, the forts of Deo, Kara Nawab, various buildings and ancient temples are available even today in this district.
The small village Deokund is also associated with an interesting mythological relevance. According to Hindu mythology, once Lord Vishwakarma was asked to make three temples in one night. He did so. These three temples were identical in design and incorporated a small pond.