Banka District,Bihar

Banka is a city and a municipality in Banka district in the state of Bihar, India. The Hindi meaning of Banka is “brave”. Banka is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar in India. The district, part of Bhagalpur Division, has its headquarters at Banka town. The district occupies an area of 3018 km² and has a population of 1,608,773 (as of 2001). Hindus 1,409,352, Muslims 190,051 (11.81%).

History of Banka District,Bihar

Banka is the homeland of the revolutionary Satish Prasad Jha, one of seven martyrs who hoisted the flag of India at the Secretariat building near Patna on 11 August 1942. Jha was born in Kharhara near Dhakamod,.Bhubaneswar Mishra, a noted regional revolutionary from village Faga has contributed a lot in the freedom movement.He was sentenced life imprisonment for killing many cruel British forces. Banka has been an attractive destination for veteran socialists.[citation needed] Madhu Limaye represented the constituency twice. George Fernandis and Rajnarayan also contested the parliamentary election in this constituency. There were also a number of veteran leaders of the Indian National Congress: Vindhyavasini Devi, MLA ( 1957–1967), Shakuntala Devi ex M.P., ex chief minister of Bihar Chandrashekhar Singh, Chaturbhuj Singh Ex. M.L.A., ex Rajya Sabha MP Kamakhya Prasad Singh, ex MP Manorama Singh, and ex MLA Jai Prakash Mishra. Digvijay Singh (14 November 1955 – 24 June 2010) was an independent who represented Banka in the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament. Banka played vital role in freedom of India.

Digvijay Singh served as a Member of the Parliament of India five times – three times in the Lok Sabha (1998, 1999, 2009) and two times in the Rajya Sabha (1990, 2004). He served as Union Minister of State in the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government (1999–2004) and Chandrashekhar Government (1990–1991). He was also a successful sports administrator, having served as President of the National Rifle Association of India since 1999. He was one of the three (George Fernandis, Digvijay Singh, and Nitish Kumar) founding members of the Samta party. Now Jayprakash Yadav is the member of parliament from this constituency.

Economy of Banka District,Bihar

Banka is gradually becoming a religious tourism hotspot for Hinduism and Jainism. Old Mandar Parvat (also known as Mandarachal Parvat in Puran) has many place to visit. A Jain temple at the summit, in close proximity to a Vishnu temple, is a sign of religious tolerance. Every year in January, Bounsi Mela is organised, which depicts the village life of the Mandar region. A Ratha-Yatra procession of Lord Madhusudanah occurs every year on the same day as the Rath Yatra procession in Puri. Fourteenth-century Vaishnava saint Chaitanya Mahaprabhu started this Rath Yatra during his visit to Mandar.

Banka is a largely agrarian economy and is considered the rice bowl of Bihar. The main crops are rice, wheat, corn, and lentils. Amarpur is the densely populated block of Banka district. The Amarpur belt produces sugar cane and is home to gur sugar mills.

An issue for many smaller village industries in Bihar is lack of branding for products. High-quality, locally produced goods, even in large volumes, contribute to lower earnings for business owners because of a lack of awareness of more profitable business practices.

Banka is strategically located near the source of raw materials for heavy industries. Its proximity to Jharkhand (bordering Deoghar, Dumka, and Godda) and the River Chandan makes it a very strong contender for coal-based power plant investment and other heavy industry.

In 2006 the Indian government named Banka one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme

Culture in Banka District,Bihar

A famous temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Durga is located in Jagatpur, Karharia, Kushmaha, Kunauni, Laxmipur Dam, Banka, Babhangama. Every year during Durga Puja, devotees from many parts of India visit this temple. Two temples—Narshimha (one of the incarnations of Vishnu) Temple and Digamber Jain Tirthanakar—are located at the top of a mountain known as Mandar Parbat, which is about 500 metres (1,600 ft) tall and made of a single piece of stone. The management of the Narsimha temple is under a trust. There is also a very old Avantika Nath temple at the bottom of Mandar Parvat. The Avantika Nath Temple Trust, founded by the late Babu Biro Singh of the village of Sabalpur, looks after the temple. Kailash Pathak is the Sevayat of the Avantika Nath temple. A famous temple of Lord SHIVA is in Jethore hill near Chanan river. Literal meaning of Jethore is jyesth means elder Gaur means brother of Deoghar temple. Maa kali mandir in KAMALPUR village is very famous temple. A Mahalakshmi temple is located in front of Paapharni Pond. Recently a Lakshminarayan Temple was built in the center of Paapharni through the contributions of local people. It is managed by a trust headed by Fateh Bahadur Singh of erstwhile Sabalpur state.

The district is known for its rich tribal culture and its handicrafts and hand looms. The homemade Khadi and silk of the area are popular. Most of the raw silk cocoon is produced in Katoria; in fact major part of the raw materials required for silk industry in Bhagalpur is supplied from Katoria.