Begusarai district,Bihar

Begusarai is a major city and a municipal corporation in Begusarai district in the state of Bihar, India. Begusarai district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar and Begusarai city is the administrative headquarters of this district. It is one of the fastest growing and developing city.The city lies on the northern bank of the Ganges river . It is located at latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E. Begusarai is the birthplace of famous Hindi poet Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh Dinkar and eminent historian Professor Ram Saran Sharma and Dr. Akhileshwar Kumar. Begusarai has some of the best schools in the state and even boasts of an International School in its midst, The Ark International School. Begusarai is known for its IOCL Barauni Oil Refinery , Barauni Thermal Power Station and several other Industries as Begusarai is known as Financial Capital of Bihar. Begusarai was formerly part of Munger district or Monghyr (as per British Ruler’s official spelling) . The places in Begusarai which are most highlighted are Bihat ,Bishnupur Chand, Noorpur, Madhrapur, Teghra, Bachhawara, Deona, Barauni, Balia, Dira these places are considered as most powerful places of Begusarai District due to strong hold of Communist Party of India Begusarai had traditionally been a communist stronghold and was earlier also referred to as the Leningrad of Bihar.

History of Begusarai district,Bihar

The name of the district apparently comes from “Begum” (queen) and “Sarai” (inn). The Begum of Bhagalpur used to visit “Simaria Ghat” (holy place on the banks of the Gangas) for a month of pilgrimage, which later took to the slang of Begusarai.Begusarai was established in 1870 as a subdivision of Munger District. In 1972, it was given district status after a strong pressure on the government by Late Rai Saheb Bhubneshwari Sahai, a charismatic leader of the local community who was also the first person in the district to be awarded the prestigious title of Rai Saheb under the British Raj.

District Museum in Begusarai district,Bihar
In the year 1981, a museum named as Begusarai Museum was established with the artifacts and art objects collected within and the adjoining area.

There are some very good specimens of Pala, stone sculptures of Vishnu, Ganesh, Sun, Buddha, Nandi etc. Almost thousands of coins make a rich property of this museum. The coins displayed here represent a long span of time right from Mauryan India to that under British Rule. Accordingly, potteries of different cultural strata – Black and Red ware, NBP, Black ware, Red ware, Muslim ware etc. are displayed here. The Museum has a rich collection of terracottas and Manuscripts as well.

Climate of Begusarai district,Bihar

Being part of the Gangetic plains of the Indian subcontinent, the district experiences three climatic seasons – the summer season from March to mid June, the monsoon season from mid June to October and the winter season from November to February. The month of February & March fall in the transitional season from winter to summer described as Spring or “Basant”. Similarly the months of September & October falls in the transitional season from the monsoon season to the winter season and described as “Shishir”.

Environment in Begusarai district,Bihar

Begusarai is one of the most polluted cities in Bihar due to the effluent chemicals produced as the waste from the chemical industries in its region .as mainly, vehicles in the city utilize diesel fuel, it also generates tremendous smog emitted by industries. The city has launched a go green with planting tree and electric motor so that reduce the pollution. E-Rickshaw is operating extensively helping, to reduce the air pollution.