Jehanabad district,Bihar

Jehanabad district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Jehanabad town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Jehanabad district is a part of Magadh Division. This district is 45 km from Patna, the capital of Bihar and 43 km from gaya.

Jehanabad is located on the confluence of two small rivers called Dardha and Yamunaiya. It is the heartland of Magadha and the local dialect is called Magahi. The district has been in the national news mostly for the news related to Naxalite violence. The area is however developing now and the services sector is gaining ground in the district.


The territory of the present-day district became Jehanabad sub-division of Gaya district in 1872. The district came into existence on 1 August 1986.

The famous Barabar Caves are located in the Jehanabad District. They are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India, mostly dating from the Mauryan period (322–185 BCE), and some with Ashokan inscriptions.

It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.

Jehanabad is named after Jahanara Begum Sahib. She was daughter of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and Arjumand Banu Begum. She was born on 16 September 1681.

Barabar Caves: The Barabar caves are situated in the hilly area near Makhdumpur, 25 km south of district headquarter Jehanabad. The place is famous for the ancient Seven Rock cut Buddhist Caves and as the place of origin of Ajivak sect.
Baba Siddhnath Temple: The Shiva Temple, is originally known as Siddheshwar Nath Temple, located at one of the highest peaks in the range of the hills. The temple was built in Gupta period in 7th century A.D. The local legends attribute the construction of the temple to Bana Raja, the father-in-law of the legendary king Jarasandha of Rajgir.