Kishanganj is a town and district headquarters of Kishanganj district in Purnea division of Bihar state. Nestled in the foothill of Himalaya this border district historically has been part of Nepal and Sikkim. Kishanganj old name is Nepalgarh. In 1840 Kishanganj became part of main land Indian subcontinent after the local ruler lost battle with Mughals. Subsequently it was absorbed in British empire. It is part of the chicken neck of Indian map. Main rivers of this district are Mechi, Mahananda, Kankai. it is the only tea producing district in Bihar. It is one of the most sensitive districts of India, as the borders of this district are very near to Bangladesh(10 km), touching Nepal in southeast and north to Uttar Dinajpur and Darjeeling district of West Bengal respectively.Kishanganj has seven Blocks.
History of Kishanganj district
Some passages in the Mahabharata describing conquest of Bhima in eastern India furnish further information about the inhabitants of this part of country. Bhima, it is said, conquered Maharaja, the king of Kanski-kocha and the land of the Pandras. He also defeated Karna, the king of Anga, conquered the hills of tribes, killed the king of Modagri in the battle, and then subdued the powerful Pundra king.
Local tradition still speaks of the struggle and the conquest of the Kiratas. A Kirata woman from the Morang or Tarai is said to have been the wife of Raja Birat, who, it is said in Mahabharata, gave shelter to Yudhishthira and his four Pandava brothers during their 12 years of exile. The site is still pointed out at the Thakurganj in the north of this district. A big pond which is called Bhatdola to the west of Thakurganj is just adjacent to the railways lines still existing. People say that it was used by Draupadi, the wife of Panch Pandavas for cooking rice for the Pandavas. It is said to have been the site of the residence of the Raja Birat. Some stones with inscription were dug up at Thakurganj, which the villagers declare were the remains of the Birat’s palace.
Kichaka Badh an ancient place which is only 3–4 miles (1.8-2.5 miles) from the Thakurganj lies in Morang. The brother-in-law of Birat Raja Kichaka was said to have resided at the palace of Birat Raja. It is said Bhima killed Kichaka here. A mela during Baruni-Snan is at this place every year for one day to offer homage to the fountain where Kichaka was killed.
Economy of Kishanganj district
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Kishanganj District as an economically distressed district, one of 250 out of a total of 640 districts. It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Sub-divisions in Kishanganj district
The district comprises only one sub-division, Kishanganj, which is further divided into seven blocks: Bhahadurganj, Dighalbank, Kishanganj, Kochadhaman, Pothia, Terhagachha, Thakurgunj