Lakhisarai district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Lakhisarai town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Lakhisarai district is a part of Munger Division. The district occupies an area of 1228 km2. The district has a population of 8,01,173 (2001 census).
Population: Total: 671634 Rural: 586294 Urban: 85340
Agriculture: Paddy, Wheat, Lentils
Rivers : Ganges, Mohane, Harohar, Kiul
Lakhisarai was an established administrative and religious center during the golden period of Pala dynasty. In Buddhist literature the town was mentioned as “Anguttri”, implying its status as a district. Originally it was a new district craved out of Munger district. In the ancient period it was identified with the names Munger or Ang Pradesh. During the Pala administration it was the capital for a period of the Pala empire.
Historian D. C. Sarkar found evidence that confirmed that this place was an important “Krimila” subject during the Pala administration. A monument to Madan Pal from the period 1161–1162 was found in Balgudar displaying a Narayana statue as Krimila subject. Chinese traveler Huen Tsang described this place as having 10 Buddha mathas and more than four hundred Buddhist residents. Most were Heenyanis. Ten Hindu temples were found. The most holy place in lakhisarai is ashok dham. This is a HIndu temple.
According to Sri Radha Krishna Chaudhary, the Buddha mathas were on the southern side of the Ganges. The king of Pala dynasty was Buddhist. The region was ruled from seventh century to eleventh century by the administrators of Pala dynasty. The Sen family ruled in the 11th century. Acharya Hawaldar Triapthi mentioned this region on the basis of “Mritika Mudra” kept in Nalanda. It implies that Krimila and Caval Gram were important. The people believe that the Krimila of that period is now Kiul Basti, on the southern side of Lakhisarai station. Krimila was a center of Buddhist religion. Lord Buddha also stayed there for three years on Chaliya Mountain. Jantugram was nearby Chaliya mountain and was situated on the banks of Krimikala river, where Lord Buddha and his followers visited and delivered speeches.
Md. Bin Bakhtiyar attacked this region in the 11th century. Sher Shah Suri ruled this region in the 15th century. Surajgarha witnessed the great war between Sher Shah Suri and Mughal emperor Humayun in 1534.
In religious context, Surajgarha was also an important place for the Shiva sect.
Rajauna: Rajauna is a village within the municipal area of Lakhisarai and is about four kms from Lakhisarai headquarters. This place was the capital of Indradaman, who was the last emperor of Pala dynasty. Historical ruins prove that Rajauna had a glorious past. Ashok dham is also situated nearby Rajauna village. Ashok Dham is known for unique Shivling made of black stone, which is huge in size.
Kabaiya: Kabaiya is a ward within Lakhisarai Municipality near Janagar Hills. Historians based on materials found in Kabaiya, said that this place was significant in ancient time in period between ninth and tenth century.
Nongarh: Nongarh is about 10 kms from Lakhisarai and is situated within Ramgarh Chowk Block. During excavation of Nongarh, statue of god and goddesses made of sand stone and some stoops were found which indicate that this place was also important in terms of a glorious centre of civilization and culture in ancient times.
Barahiya: Barahiya is a small town situated at 15 kms north to Lakhisarai. Temple of Tripura Sundari Man Bagwati popularly known as Maharani Asthan, which is the highest temple of Bihar is situated here. Barahiya is also considered important for having north flowing Ganga River and people take holy dip in it. According to beliefs, cremation on the bank of north flowing Ganga brings Moksha to the people.
Shringirishi: Shringirishi is a beautiful natural place, having a beautiful temple of Lord Shiva on mountain near Jalappa Asthan. It is considered as an important religious place. Shringirishi is a beautiful place with a soft water spring and full of greenery and rocks, making this place memorable. On Shivaratri and Makar Sankranti large gathering is seen here. Shringirishi dam is located nearby the temple with full of blue water. Boating in the dam is a good experience and makes the visit to this place a memorable one.
Abhainath Asthan: Abhinath Asthan is a beautiful place on the top of the mountain of Abhaipur. There is a temple of a popular saint called Abhainath Baba. Name of the Abhaipur village as well as Abhaipur Railway station is named after the name of Abhainath Baba. It is said that Abhainath Baba always protected the people of this region from all the dangers and diseases. People have great faith in Baba. Amrasani is a beautiful picnic spot, near Abhainath Asthan. At Amrasani there is a beautiful soft water spring, mountains and rocks and forest with full greenery. On 1st of January and 14th of January large number of people come, enjoy this place, and take bath in this spring. People can see the stream of water spring flowing for very short distance then it disappears magically.
Bhagwati Asthan: Bhagwati Asthan of Abhaipur is an important temple of Maa Bhagwati situated at the foot hill of Abhaipur village mountain. On the eve of Nag Panchami a large number of people come here to offer prayers.
There are some other places in this district, which are significant or were known for its significance in ancient period, in historical, archaeological or in religious context. These tourism attractions offered by Lakhisarai District are worth visiting.