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Madhepura district,Bihar

Madhepura is a city and a municipality in Madhepura district in the Indian state of Bihar. Madhepura district as it stands now was carved out of Saharsa district and got the status of revenue district on 9 May 1981. Prior to that, Madhepura was a sub-division under Bhagalpur district with effect from 3 September 1845. Subsequently, it was on 1 April 1954 that Saharsa district was carved out of Bhagalpur district.

History

Being carved out of Saharsa district, Madhepura got the status of revenue district on 9 May 1981. Prior to that Madhepura was a sub-division under Bhagalpur district with effect from 3 September 1845. Subsequently, it was on 1 April 1954 that Saharsa district was carved out of Bhagalpur district.

Facing the onslaughts of the Kosi river, the history of Madhepura is replet with tales of owes, sorrow and sufferings. Since time
immemorial, it has seen several ups and downs perpetuated by Kosi in the form of flood, famine and drought. Flood and drought have remained the regular feature of the area so much so that the then Government had to shift the Court & the Sub-divisional headquarters from Madhepura to Supaul from 1935 to 1938.

There is not any authentic information regarding the origine of Madhepura. Available sources indicate that the name Madhepura was evolved from Gangapur- a village named after Gangadeo, the grand son of King Mithi, who is said to have established state Mithila. It is also said that the village Gangapur was named after King Gangsen of the Sena dynasty.

From 1704 A.D. to 1892, the Kosi river with its diverse courses remained striding the areas right from Forbesganj to Chandeli Karamchand and Raghuvansha Nagar & thereafter submerging itself into the Ganges at Kursela. As Madhepura stands at the centre of Kosi ravine, it was called Madhyapura- a place centrally situated which was subsequently transformed as Madhipura into present Madhepura. Another view is also there as to its naming as the area is said to have been inhabited by the bulk of Madhavas – clan of Lord Krishna, it was termed as Madhavpur which gradually became Madhavpur into Madhepura.

In ancient times, Madhepura remained a part of Anga Desh. It was also governed by Maurya, Shunga, Kanva and Kushan dynasties. It was a part of Mithila Province during Gupta period. The Mauryan Pillar discovered at Kishunganj bears testimony to it. Madhepura remained under the dominance of Bihar rulers during Rajput rule. Present Raibhir village under Singheshwar block was a stronghold of Bhars. During Mugal period Madhepura remained under Sarkar Tirhut.

Mythology

The place has remained the meditation ground of Lord Shiva and other Gods. Sri Hari Shankar Shrivastav ‘Salav’, a distinguished historian, finds the area of Madhepura part of Singheshwar as the place of adoration and experiment of Vivandak and his son Rishya Shringa. The name of village Satokhar standing on the western embankment of one of the tributaries of Kosi west of Singheshwar at a distance of 5 Kilometers has been derived from Sanskrit word Sapta Pokhar – Seven Ponds, said to have been created ‘Yajna Shala’ by Rishi Shring for Putreshthi Yajna (Sacrificial ceremony for a son’s birth).

Rishi Shring at the request of his wife Santa, the adopted daughter of Rompad, agreed and performed the Yajna to precipitate God to bless King Dashratha with sons. Consequently, the wives of Dashratha were impregnated after taking medicated Khir prepared by Rishi Shring and their sons Ram, Laxman, Bharat & Satrughan were born one after the other. The Barah Puran also refers to Singheshwar as Sringeshwar. The area has been identified as Rishi Shring Ashram during Ramayan period, its vicinity being surrounded by jungle inhabited by deer, leopards, bears, etc. King Yudhishthir is said to have visited the place along with Rishi Lomus during Mahabharat period. Sheet and Basant – rulers of Kushan dynasty also inhabited in this area. The fort of Sheet was located at present Kadamma whereas the fort of Basant was located at present Basantpur, a village under Singheshwar block. Ruins & remains of those forts are still visible. Sri Nagar- a village under Ghailarh block recently carved out of Madhepura block situated at a distance of 22 Kilometers west of Madhepura town also present the remains of the two forts of King Sri Deva.

Tourist Places of Madhepura
There are different places to visit by the tourists. They are as follows.
Dakini Sthan Mandir: This Mandir is visited by many tourists and devotees regularly. The temple is really popular among devotees of this place. The name Dakini is referred to the activity of enlightened compassionateness as a female spirit. The temple was constructed before several years.
According to the mythology of the Hindus, Dakini is believed to be the Shakti of power that is known to control the chakras.
Jwala Mandir: The temple of Madhepura is dedicated to Goddess Jwala Devi. As per the mythology of the Hindus, Jwala is referred to the erupted flame that comes out of the Sati’s tongue during the tandavas of Shiva. The temple is really popular and visited by many devotees regularly. Tourists do visit the temple during the festivals.
Singheswar Sthan Mandir: This temple is the main attraction of Madhepura. The temple is situated at a distance of 8km from Madhepura city center. It is renowned for its religious and historical importance. The temple is dedicated to Shiva Lord. Devotees came from different parts of India to offer prayers in this temple. The seven Kunds which were created earlier are now converted to tanks. Some days of the week like Sunday, Monday and Wednesday are considered as very important days for the pilgrims. There lie several myths that it was once a tapobhoomi of the great Rishi Singri. This shrine is popular due to the emergence of the idol which was worshipped during the ancient times.