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Munger district,Bihar

Munger is a twin city and a Municipal Corporation situated in the Indian state of Bihar.It is the administrative headquarters of Munger district and Munger Division.It is the 5th largest city of Bihar and 2nd largest city in Eastern Bihar.

Historically, Munger is known for being an ancient seat of rule. The twin city comprises Munger and Jamalpur situated on the southern bank of the river Ganges. It is situated 60 km west of Bhagalpur, and 180 km east of capital city Patna.

History

The territory occupied by the present day Munger district was a part of Anga mahajanapada. The Mahabharata says that it was ruled by Karna. Mudgagiri (Munger) was the capital of the Pala empire. Bengal Nawab Mir Kasim fought one of the last battles before the East India Company captured the eastern India. The Fort built by him has three gates and the Ganges on its fourth sides. Munger was known as Monghyr throughout British rule. In the early years of British rule Monghyr formed a part of Bhagalpur, and was not created a separate district till 1832.

Munger has seen five districts partitioned off from its territory: Begusarai in 1976;[1] Khagaria in 1988; and Jamui, Lakhisarai district, and Sheikhpura in 1999.

The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.
Geography

Munger District is located in the southern part of Bihar and its headquarters is located on the southern bank of river Ganges. Munger district occupies an area of 1,419 square kilometres (548 sq mi),comparatively equivalent to Russia’s Urup Island.It accounts for 3.3% of the area of Bihar . It lies between 240 22 N to 250 30 N latitude and 850 30 E to 870 3 E longitude.Munger District was formed in 1832 out of Bhagalpur.

Bordered by river Ganges from north side. Lakhisarai and Begusarai districts(on the opposite banks of river Ganga) lies on the northwest and southwest side respectively. Jamui district on southern side, Bhagalpur and Banka districts on northeast and southeast sides respectively and Khagaria district on the northern side(across river Ganga).

Saharsa, Madhepura, Begusarai, Jamui, Sheikhpura, Khagaria and Lakhisarai districts were carved out of this district.

Munger district is so located in the southern Bihar and Munger town, its headquarters is located on the southern bank of the Ganges. The district lies between 24°20′ and 25°30′ north latitudes and between 85°37′ and 87°30′ east longitudes. The average height from the sea level is 30 to 65 m.

Rivers and lakes
The major rivers of this district are the Ganges, the Mohane, the Harohar and the Kiul.
Temple and village
Chandika temple (Saktipith) is one of the famous temple in this city. Dalahatta Buzar Kumhartoli is a small village, 80% people who staying here are kumhar by caste that make pots (Miiti ke bartan). Nearby the kumhar toli there a village named Bhat Toil where Pujari of Chandi Asthan lived This village basically had Bhat Brahmin, Brahmin, Rajput etc. . After the village a Rajput society namily Basduepur where One thousand Rajputs lives.one of the most famous village of Rajput is Parsando in Kharagpur where Shikarwar Rajputs lived along with Bhumihar, Brahmins, and other Backwards caste. Kalai is a village near Kharagpur having mostly Brahmins and Rajputs. Population supaur Jamua is a village situated at the Bank of Mohane river. This village was a centre of protest in India’s freedom struggle and many high level Congress Leaders frequently visited this village (Kachahari) during 1920s-30s .[6] Bari Dudurga temple is in Shadipur. Rishi kund in patam, Sita Kund in Daryapur, Shiv Guru Dham in Daryapur, Kali Pahar in Jamalpur, Shivalaya near Lal Darbaza. Kashat harni Ghat in Fort Area,and Rath Hanuman Mandir in Bhattoli. Rataitha is one of the largest village in Munger District.
Climate
There are three distinct seasons in this zone, summer (March to May), monsoon (June to September) and winter (October to February). Average annual rainfall of this district is 1146 mm (average of 53 years).
Places of interest

  • Munger Fort, covers an area of around 222 acres
  • Chandika Asthan, a sacred Shakti-Peeth
  • Kastaharni Ghat on the Ganges
  • Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary