Sitamarhi is one of the districts of the state of Bihar, India. Sitamarhi town is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district is a part of the Tirhut Division and is located along the border of Nepal.
This place is considered as birthplace of Sita, the main character of the epic Ramayana and a temple dedicated to Sita lies near Sitamarhi town. A Rock cut sanctuary of Mouryan period is found near Sitamarhi.
In 1875, a Sitamarhi subdistrict was created within the Muzaffarpur district.Sitmarhi was detached from Muzaffarpur and became a separate district as of December 11, 1972. It is situated in the northern part of Bihar. The district headquarters is located in Dumra, five kilometers south of Sitamarhi.[clarification needed]
Sitamarhi district became a full-pledged district when it was split from Muzaffarpur district in 1972.1994 saw the split of Sheohar district from Sitamarhi.
The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.There is a village in Sitamarhi District named Harpurwa. There is the tomb of Hajrat Daataa Shah Rahmatullah Alaihe in Harpurwa which is famous in Sitamarhi district.
Tradition and legend says that goddess Sita sprang into life while King Janaka was ploughing the field in order to please Lord Indra, the god of rains. The place got its lovely name Sitamarhi from this beautiful legend.
Today’s Sitamarhi is a much acclaimed pilgrim centre where tradition and mythology synchronizes beautifully. Its legendary association with the classic story of Ramayana gave it a predominant place in the itinerary of a pious Hindu. This devout centre presents the awesome beauty of a lovely locale that preserves its ethnicity and heritage in a proud manner. In Sitamarhi one can still feel the greatness and magnetism of a rich legacy. In fact Sitamarhi proffers the picture of an alluring devout centre, which beautifully blends the customs and traditions with the contemporary life.
Though the district of Sitamarhi depicts a picture of a religious destination, along with its lovely shrines and temples, the city also holds other allures that make one’s trip quite enjoyable. A bevy of other exiting and fascinating attractions like Kanti thermal power station, Darbhanga, Raxaul, Areraj, Motihari, are in store in Sitamarhi.
The city of Sitamarhi is a rare combination of alluring natural vistas, fashionable structures and enlivening sacred shrines. It portrays the vivid picture of an upcoming tourist location where the devout and the picnicker would love to come again and again.
Sitamarhi district comprises 3 Sub-divisions:
It is one of the 38 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
There are two famous temples in Sitamarhi, Sita prakatya sthali at Punaura Dham and Janki Mandir in Sitamarhi town. It is believed that Maa Sita was born at Punaura dham and as it was raining heavily Raja Janak and his entourage rested at the place rightly known as Janki Mandir, Sitamarhi.
The place from where Raja Janak had started pluoghing the field is known as Haleshwar Sthan and it has ancient Shivling and temple.