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Dharmapuri district,Tamilnadu

Dharmapuri is a city and the administrative headquarters of Dharmapuri district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Dharmapuri which came into existence from 02.10.1965 is suituated in north western corner of Tamil Nadu city is located at just 126 kilometres from Bangalore ,220 kilometres from coimbatore,265 kilometres from Mysore,300kilometres from Chennai. It is located between latitudes N 11 47’ and 12 33’ and longitudes E 77 02’ and 78 40’. The total geographical area of Dharmapuri District is 4497.77 km2, i.e. 3.46% of Tamil Nadu.

History

The earliest known chieftain who ruled Tagadur (present Dharmapuri) during the Sangam era, is Adigaman Naduman Anji, whose patronage sustained the famous Tamil poetess Avvaiyar. The region is believed to have been controlled by the Pallava regime in the 8th century.

In the beginning of the 9th century, the Rashtrakutas gained power and influenced the history of the district for the next two centuries. The Rashtrakutas were defeated by the Cholas, and subsequently the district came under the Chola sphere of governance.

During 18th century present day dharmapuri district was under Mysore kingdom and it was called as Baramahal, As per treaty of Seringapatam after Third Anglo-Mysore War, tipu sultan agreed to give part of his territories including the present dharmapuri district to The British East India Company which was then merged into madras presidency

The present Dharmapuri district was then a part of the Salem district. During the British rule in the country and even till 1947 Dharmapuri was one of the Taluks of Salem District. The Dharmapuri district was formed as a separate district on 02/10/1965 with its headquarters at Dharmapuri. Thiru G.Thirumal I.A.S was the first Collector of Dharmapuri district.

The Dharmapuri district was bifurcated into present-day Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts in 2004.[2] Many historical rock sculptures are found in this district. Modhur,a village near dharmapuri has remains that dates back to neolithic age.A government museum in dharmapuri town displays some of these significant sculptures for people’s view.

Places of Interest
Hogenakkal Falls
Hogenakkal Waterfall on Kaveri river, Dharmapuri district
Hogenakkal Falls is located at the border of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, around 46 km from Dharmapuri. In Hogenakkal, the Kaveri River enters Tamil Nadu as a big river with gushing water. The name ‘Hogenakal’ is derived from Kannada means Smoky Rocks. When the river falls on the rock below, the gushing force of water causes a smoke-like mist, leading to the origin of the name. At Hogenakal, the water spreads for miles around and cruising on country-made dinghies (Parisal) is possible. Hogenakkal Falls is also called “Indian Nayagara”. The place is very famous for Film shooting.
Vathalmalai or Vytla Hills
is a Village in Dharmapuri taluk and Dharmapuri district in Tamil Nadu having an area measuring nearly 225 km². Most of the native flora and fauna of Vytla have disappeared due to severe habitat fragmentation resultant from the creation of the plantations. However, some species continue to survive and thrive in several protected areas nearby, include Sheverayan Hills (Yercaud). These protected areas are especially known for several threatened and endemic species including Nilgiri Thar, the Grizzled Giant Squirrel, the Nilgiri Wood-pigeon, the Gaur, wild pig, the Nilgiri langur, the Sambar, and the Neelakurinji (that blossoms only once in twelve years). It is a small village situated at 3600 ft height (MSL). It is 25 km away from Dharmapuri Town (17 km to reach bottom of the hill and 8 km to hill top).
Sitheri hills
Sitheri(Sitteri ) is a hill station in Dharmapuri district located in Tamil Nadu, India. In Tamil Language சித்தேரிமலை.Sitheri Hills are one of the segments of Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu.Which comes under the Pappireddipatti taluk. It is situated at an altitude of 1097.3metres(3600 ft)The area comprises various vegetation types such as the evergreen, semi-evergreen, riparian, dry deciduous scrub and southern thorn scrub forests. The minimum and maximum temperature is 19 °C in winter and 40 °C in summer respectively. The average annual rainfall is 900 mm attained from both northeast and southwest monsoons. Topographically, the area is undulating with an altitude varying from 240 to 1266 m.The total area of Sitheri village is found to be 400 km2 with a total population of 9045 (Male 4656 & female 4389) as of 2010
Theerthamalai temple
Theerthamalai is a sacred place in Harur taluk. The temple is located at the top of a hillock. Chola and Vijayanagara kings donated liberally to this temple. A lot of devotees attend the temple during the Maha Shivarathiri. It is believed that Lord Rama created the waterfall to do abhishek for Lord Shiva, after waiting for a long time for Hanuman to bring water.
Hanumanthathirtham
This place is situated on the bank of Pennaiyar at a distance of 10 km from Uthangarai and traditionally associated with Tirtamalai. It is believed that Hanuman was instructed by Lord Rama to bring water, but after waiting for a long time, Rama created a waterfalls, Hanuman was said to have thrown down the vessel in which he brought the holy water and this spilled water is believed to be the “Hanumantatirtham”.
Kottai Kovil
Kottai Kovil, located on the northern side of Dharmapuri, is temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. This temple is known among the tourists for its rare sculptures and paintings. One of the highlights of this temple is the ‘Hanging pillar’. As per the locale belief, a secret passage in this temple connects it to Adhiyamankottai.
Adhiyamankottai
The capital of Adhiyamans, ancient rulers of Thahadoor, was Adhiyamankottai which is situated on the Salem-Dharmapuri road, 7 km from Dharmapuri. The ruins of the roughly oval shaped fort is still there. The Chenraya Perumal temple there is a protected monument and is thought to have been constructed both by the King Krishna Devaraya and the Hoysala kings. There is a mandapam which leads to the sanctum sanctorum. There are paintings in the ceiling depicting scenes from the Mahabharata, Viswarupa darshan of Lord Krishna and some scenes from the Ramayana. All the paintings belong to the 13th century. Further KALABAIRAVAR TEMPLE is most famous temple in Dharmapuri District located in Adhiyamankottai, West seeing shiva temple is located here only. This place is worshipped by siddhars.
Subramanya Siva Memorial Papparapatti
Subramanya Siva was born on 19 September 1884 in Vathalagundu, Dindugal district. He was a revolutionary independence fighter who worked closely with other freedom fighters, such as V.O Chidambaram Pillai and Subramanya Bharathi, and inspired many young men to join the freedom movement. He was the first political prisoner of the Madras presidency and described his jail experiences in a book, Jail Life. He also published Gnana Bhanu, a collection of poems. He was an admirer of the philosopher, Swami Vivekanandha and his religious master Ramakrishna Paramhamsa. Siva disagreed on many things with Gandhian Philosophy. He believed in using violent methods where constructional methods had failed. Siva died on 23 July 1925.His memorial has been constructed in Papparapatti,Dharmapuri Dt by the Tamil Nadu government.
Mosques
Tntj Pallivasal, Thowheeth mosque, Ahle hadees Pallivasal and Jumma Mosque are some of the mosques in Dharmapuri.
Churches
Mount Carmel church of British is situated in B. Pallipatty, which is known for its Grotto festival. This is a three-day feast celebrated on the second Friday after Easter. The Sacred Heart cathedral is the seat of the Jewish Diocese of Dharmapuri.
Notable Residents
M.S.Singaravel Chettiar, Jury – District and sessions court-Dharmapuri,Salem District[During 1950’s],Honorary Magistrate – Dharmapuri District Court,Dharmapuri