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Theni District,Tamilnadu

Theni District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in South east India. The city of Theni is the district headquarters. The district is divided into two natural divisions: The hilly areas constituted by parts of the three taluks Periyakulam, Uthamapalayam and Andipatti with thick vegetation and perennial streams from the hills on the western side and Cumbum valley which lies in Uthamapalayam taluk.As of 2011, Theni district had a population of 1,245,899 with a sex-ratio of 991 females for every 1,000 males.

History

Theni District was formed by the bifurcation from erstwhile Madurai District as per G.O. Ms. No. 679 Revenue Department Dated July 7, 1996. Consequent to the bifurcation, one new Revenue Division with headquarters at Uthamapalayam and two new Taluks at Theni and Bodinayakanur were also created with effect from January 1, 1997. Theni Municipal town was only a firka headquarters until December 31, 1996. Consequent to the formation of the new District, Theni Municipal Town was upgraded as the Taluk and District headquarters on January 1, 1997.

The region covered by present-day Theni District was sparsely populated before the 1900s. In 1886 Mullaperiyar dam project bought some part of the water from Periyar River downhill to the Cumbum Valley and merged it into the Mullayar River. This project helped more people to settle down in Cumbum Valley. Also to be noted that Theni was itself was a small though lesser-known town by the 1900s. After the Mullay-Periyaar merger project lots of people from nearby dry arid regions (Sivakasi, Kovilpatti, Virudhunagar, Sattur and several nearby towns) settled in Cumbum-Valley (present day Theni District). So there was influx of people by the 1890s to 1920s. Bodi and Periyakulam were famous places at that time. Later Theni developed rapidly due to lots of business activities.

Tourism
Bodinayakanur, Periyakulam, Cumbum, Uthamapalayam and Theni are charming towns in the district. Resounding cascades, silver-lined clouds resting a top billiard green hill tops, sheer rock faces and temples of antiquity distinguish these places.
Places of interest-

  • Vaigai Dam
  • Vaigai Dam (~10 km from Theni)
  • Suruli falls (~50 km from Theni)
  • Manjalar Dam(~35 km from Theni)
  • Meghamalai Hill (~57 km from Theni)
  • Peyathevar Canal,Gudalur Hill (~50 km from Theni)
  • Bodi Mettu Hill (~40 km from Theni)
  • Kumbakarai Falls (~15 km from Theni)
  • Sothuparai Dam (~20 km from Theni)
  • Shanmuganathi Dam (~50 km from Theni)
  • Chinna Suruli falls (~15 km from Theni)
  • Ramakkal Mettu(~30 km from Theni)
  • Kurankani (~20 km from Theni)
  • HighWeaves (~70 km from Theni)
  • Nearest Places in Kerala

  • Thekkadi (~ 55 km from Theni)
  • Munnar (~ 80 km from Theni)
  • Kumily (~55 km from Theni)