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Amethi district,Uttar Pradesh

Amethi district is the 72nd district of the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. This district is part of Faizabad division. It covers an area of 3,070 km². Gauriganj is the administrative headquarters of the district.

It is better known due to being the seat of power of the Indian Nehru-Gandhi political dynasty since 1980. The former prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, his grandsons Sanjay and Rajiv Gandhi (the sons of Indira Gandhi), Rajiv Gandhi’s widow Sonia Gandhi and son Rahul Gandhi, have at one time or the other, represented its constituency.

General characteristics of the district

Amethi was the 72nd district of Uttar Pradesh which came into existence on 1 July 2010 by merging three tehsils of the erstwhile Sultanpur district, namely, Amethi, Gauriganj and Musafirkhana and two tehsils of the erstwhile Raebareli district, namely, Salon and Tiloi and was named as Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar. However, its name was changed back to Amethi when the ruling party changed.

Amethi is a major town of district and also a municipal board. It is also called as Raipur-Amethi.

History

Amethi lies on the Raebareli-Amethi-Sultanpur road about 40 km south-west of Sultanpur. Also called as Raipur-Amethi, of which Raipur belonged to the Raja of Amethi who lived at Ram Nagar. His ancestors used to live in Raipur-Phulwari where the old fort is still found. Here is also a temple called Hanumangarhi and a mosque both built about hundred years ago. About three kilometres north of Ram Nagar there is a tomb of famous poet, Saint Malik Muhammad Jayasi where he died, and the fort was built by Bachghoti Rajas.

Location

District Amethi lies at the latitude 26°9’ north and longitude 81°49’ east at an average elevation of 101 metres(331 feet) from mean sea level. The total geographic area of the districts is about 3063 km2. The surface is generally level, being broken only by ravines in the neighbourhood of the rivers. The principal river is Gomti,which passes through the centre of the district. North side of this district is bounded by Faizabad District; South side is bounded by Pratapgarh District. West side is bounded by Bara-Banki District and Rai Baeilly District and the East side is bounded by Amethi District.

Topography

The land of Amethi district is generally plane except some regions around the Gomti River which drains almost the whole district. It may be called an agrarian area as agriculture is the main occupation of the people. Amethi district has a wet and dry climate with average temperatures ranging between 23 °C to 28 °C. Amethi experiences three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and a mild autumn. Typical summer months are from March to May,with maximum temperatures ranging from 36° to 44 °C. The rainy season in the districts falls between June and September and July being the wettest month of the year. Winter starts from November. The daytime temperature hovers around 22 °C while night temperature is below 8 °C during December and January, often dropping to 2°to 3 °C.

Change of status and name

Amethi was recently[when?] changed to district and officially named after Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj, by B.S.P. Govt., and is 72nd district in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India(previous it was in Sultanpur district). Recently the name Chatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar changed back to Amethi as SP govt. came in the power this year (2012)

In Lucknow on 7 October 2003, the State Cabinet revoked the earlier notification regarding renaming of Amethi as Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj Nagar. Now the Amethi will be known as its previous name, told Chief Secretary Mr. Akhand Pratap Singh in a media. Amethi contains a hospital (Sanjay Gandhi Hospital) at Munshiganj. The NGO, Society for Animal Health Agriculture Science and Humanity is located at Munshiganj.