Mahoba district (Hindi: महोबा जिला) is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India and Mahoba town is the district headquarters. Mahoba district is a part of Chitrakoot Division. The district occupies an area of 2884 km². It has a population of 876,055 (2011 census). As of 2011 it is the least populous district of Uttar Pradesh (out of 71).
This district was carved out from the erstwhile Hamirpur district on 11 February 1995 by separating the erstwhile Mahoba tehsil from it. It is also known as Mahoutsav-Nagar, means city of festival.[clarification needed] Mahoba is associated with Chandela kings who ruled in bundelkand between 9th to 12th centuries.
The district comprises 3 tehsils: Mahoba.
There are two Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Mahoba and Charkhari. Both are part of Hamirpur Lok Sabha constituency.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Mahoba one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.