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Sitapur district,Uttar Pradesh

Sitapur is a city and a municipal board in Sitapur district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is in the Lucknow Division. The town is located on the banks of river Sarayan, halfway between Lucknow and Shahjahanpur and is well connected to state capital Lucknow by the National Highway No. 24. In British India, it was spelled as Citapore and was a cantonment, garrisoned by a portion of a British regiment. The traditional origin for the name is said to be by the King Vikramāditya from Lord Ram’s wife Sita.

History

Little is known about the history of Sitapur. Legends connect many places in episodes in Mahabharata and Ramayana.There is a usual tradition of a raid by a general of Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud. The rise of Rajput power, according to tradition of great clan which held the district, was somewhat later than in Southern Oudh (Avadh). The influx continued till the reign of Aurangzeb. The Rajputs generally found the soil occupied by the Pasis, whom they crushed or drove away. Under the early kings of Muhammadan kings of Delhi, the country was normally ruled by the Governor of Bahraich, but little authority was exercised.

In the fifteenth century, the district was included in the new kingdom of Jaunpur. About 1527, Humayun occupied Khairabad, then the chief town; but it was not until the accession of Akbar that the Afghans were driven out of the neighborhood. Under Akbar, the present district formed the part of four Sarkars – Khairabad, Bahraich, Oudh, and Lucknow – all located in the Subah of Oudh. Khairabad was held for sometime by the rebels of Oudh in 1567 but throughout the Mughal period and the rule of Nawabs and Kings of Oudh, the district is seldom referred to by the native historians.

Early in nineteenth century, it was governed by Hakim Mahdi Ali Khan, a capable minister of Naseerundden Haider, and some years later Sleeman noted that it was unusually quiet as far as great landholders were concerned. At annexation in 1856, Sitapur was selected as headquarters of one district and Mallanpur (currently a village in Tambaur Development Block of District Sitapur. It is the same place where Sharda and Ghaghra rivers meet.) as the headquarters of another, which lay between Chauka and Ghaghra rivers.

Sitapur figured prominently in the First War of Independence, 1857. In that year, three regiments of native infantry and a regiment of military police were quartered in Sitapur Cantonment. The troops rose on the morning of 3 June, fired on their officers, many of whom were killed, as were also several military and civil officers with their wives and children in the attempt to escape. Ultimately many of the fugitives succeeded in reaching Lucknow, while others obtained the protection of loyal zamindars. On 13 April 1858, Sir Hope Grantinflicted a severe defeat on the rebels near Biswan. Order was completely restored before the end of that year.

Historical places

According to Hindu mythology, Puranas were written by Rishi Ved Vyas at Vyas Gaddi in modern-day Naimisharanya. Sitapur is one of the five sacred places the Hindus have to visit in their Panch Dham Yatra journey. Misrikh, near Naimisharanya, holds its religious significance due to the belief that Maharshi Dadhichi donated his bones to Devatas for making Vajras.

Dargah of Hazrat Maqdoom Shaikh Shaduddin (Bada Maqdoom) at Khairabad and Hazrat Gulzar Shah are the symbols of communal harmony. According to Abdul Fazal’s Aina Akbari this place was called Chatyapur or Chitiapur during the reign of Akbar.

  • Mishrikh is a religious place 10 km from Namisharanya. Maharishi Dadhichi Asharam and Sitakund are holy pilgrimage of this place.
  • Namisharanya is a centre of religious and knowledge. There are 30,000 religious places here.[citation needed] Some important holy places at Namisharanya are as follows:
  • Suraj Kund Temple is near to Nawab Nagar, Akabarpur very famous temple of SHIV JI, Bajrang Bali
  • Pachhakhare BABA is near to Nyamupur kalan very famous temple of Shiv, Hanuman, and Durga.
  • Chakratirth is the holiest in the Naimisharanya. It is said that Lord Vishnu’s chakra fell on this pious land and created a round “Kund” which is named Chakra Tirth.
  • Goshai Baba: (Khairullapur)

  • Lalita Devi Temple is one of the Shaktipeeths.
  • Panch Prayag: This pond is situated near the Lalita Devi temple.
  • Hanuman Gharhi: This is near Lalita Devi temple.
  • Manu Shatroopa Temple: This is situated near Vyas Gaddi.
  • Dev Puri: This is situated near Railway Station.
  • Tirupati Mandir: This is situated near Dev Puri.
  • Aanand Bhawan: It has 18 Upnishad and Purans kept.
  • Shyamnathan Mandir: This Shiv Temple was built 300–400 years ago[citation needed] in old Sitapur City (Munshiganj). The temple has the Nagar style of temple architecture.
  • Baram BABA is one of the famous temples in Kakaiyapara Village near Kamlapur. Kakaiyapara Village also famous for its agriculture and Durga Puja in Navratra.
  • Vyas Gaddi is located near Chakra Teerth in Mishrikh tehseel where Rishi Vyas divided Vedas into four parts.
  • Jangli Nath Baba is located near Police Line crossing. It is a temple of Shiva.
  • Khairabad: A small town famous for its Sufi heritage. Dargah bade Maqdoom saheb is one of them. Imaambara Makka jamadaar, ghuyya Tali, Imam bara Aaga Ali, Niazia school, Pakka bagh, Dargah chote Maqdoom and Dargah Hafiz Mohd. Ali shah.
  • Karam court: The place where the famous badminton player Karam Gopichand used to do net practice early days. Now people is visiting this place to start their ‘Vidyarambha’ in Badminton. People collect the soil where Karam’s footprints were once made. He is now practising in the Tampines stadium in Singapore. Sitapur is more famous by its alias ‘Karamgrad’ among Russians.
  • Famous Personalities from Sitapur

  • Acharya Narendra Dev
  • Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi
  • Raja Har Parshad
  • Muztar Khairabadi
  • Jan Nisar Akhtar, poet
  • Manoj Kumar Pandey
  • Raja Todar Mal, finance minister and one of the Navratn in Emperor Akbar’s court
  • Girish Chandra Mishra , Kakaiyapara Kamlapur , Sanghatan Mantri , Sanskar Bharti ( Awadh Prant )
  • Wajahat Mirza, screenwriter and film director, won Filmfare awards for Mughal-e-Azam and Ganga Jamuna
  • Late Sri Mathura Prasad Arya, Famous personality founder of Arya Kanya Inter College and Arya Samaj Sitapur
  • Late Janab Safdar Aah Sitapuri, Renowned poet and Lyricist who spent his last years in Ganeshpuri, Bombay. (He is the lyricist of the famous song “Dil jalta hai to jalne de”
  • Late Arif Kamal Ayyubi, renowned Advocate, social activist and promoter of Hindu Muslim unity.
  • Dr.K.B.Misra, renowned Doctor who become top GP in UK and was the key person to prevent water-borne diseases.