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Amroha District,Uttar Pradesh

Amroha District, previously known as Jyotiba Phule Nagar, is one of the 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India.Amroha town is the district headquarters. According to Government of India, the district is one of the Minority Concentrated District in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.

The district is bounded on the north by Bijnor District, on the east and southeast by Moradabad District, on the south by Badaun District, and on the west by the River Ganges, across which lie Bulandshahr, Ghaziabad, and Meerut districts.Having state highway 72 and 73 penetrating the city and act as a major route.

History

The name of Amroha drove out from the word (Urdu) Aam Mango and Rohu Fish.The author of Tarikh-i-Amroha states that Amroha was ruled by Bhardwaj Tagas between 676 and 1141 AD. Mahmud of Ghazni conquered Amroha in 589 AH/1093 AD. Behram Shah (1240–42) appointed Malik Jalaluddin to the position of Hakim of Amroha in 1242. Ghiyasuddin Balban crushed a rebellion in this region, and so ruthless was his repression that the territory of Badaun and Amroha remained quiescent till the reign of Jalaluddin Khalji. Ambar Sultani built a mosque at Amroha. During Alauddin Khalji’s reign, Malik Tughluq and Malik marched through the city to confront the Mongols at the Battle of Amroha. Saiyid Salim was assigned Amroha and Sirsi as an iqta and after his death, the iqta was assigned to his sons. It is also recorded that Khizr Khan was punished by Alauddin Khalji with an enforced stay at Amroha with Hisamuddin.

The historical architecture of Amroha begins with the fort wall, remnants of which still stand. The Moradabadi Darwaza, built by Saiyid Abdul Maajid in 1642 AD, is the only extant gate. The wall was constructed during the reign of Shah Jahan, by Siyadat Maab Saiyid Abdul Maajid, who had constructed this fort under the supervision of Kamal Khan Khanazad in 1652 AD. It is fifty feet high with three parallel arches, covered with a roof. Other monuments from this period include mosques, Idgahs, khanqah, dargahs, Imambaras, Diwan khana, madrasas and mandirs. Some of these are of the Delhi Sultanate period, others of the Mughal period. Viqar-ul-mulk gate was constructed in modern amroha in memory of nawab Viqar ul mulk. Aligarh Muslim University also has Viqarul Mulk Hall in memory of Nawab of Viqar ul Mulk who was friend of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.

The town of Amroha is home to one of the oldest Naqvi Sadat settlements in India. Naqvis in Sadaat Amroha arrived from Wasit, Iraq and have resided in the town of Amroha since the 1190s A.D

Geography

Amroha is located north-west of Moradabad, near the Sot River. Being just 130 km away, Amroha’s weather is very similar to Delhi. The city is divided into localities and blocks. The climate of the Amroha is similar to other districts of Western Uttar Pradesh situated at the base of Himalaya which becomes hot in summer and dry & cold in winter.

Notable people

  • Kamal Amrohi
  • K. A. Nizami
  • Jaun Elia
  • Sadeqain