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Baghpat district,Uttar Pradesh

Baghpat (Hindi: बाघपत or बाग़पत) is a town of NCR and a Municipal board in Baghpat district in western Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Baghpat District. Prior to the establishment of Baghpat district in 1997, Baghpat was a Tehsil in Meerut district. The town’s name derives from the Hindi word for tiger (बाघ Baagh). Baghpat town is located on the banks of river Yamuna at 28 deg 57′ North Latitude and 77 deg 13′ East Longitude. It is 52 km from Meerut City and is on the main Delhi–Saharanpur Highway around 40 km from Delhi toward north.

History

The city, founded by the Pandava brothers of Mahabharata, was originally known as Vyghraprastha (Sanskrit: व्याघ्रप्रस्थ, lit. “tiger city”) because of the population of tigers found many centuries ago, and was one of the five villages asked by the Pandava brothers from Duryodhan to avoid the Mahabharat. Barnava, near Binauli is the site of the Lakshagraha – palace made of wax, that was built by Purochana a minister of Duryodhana to kill the Pandavas.

There are many versions of the story as to how the city derived its name. One less popular version states that the city has derived its name from the Sanskrit word Vakyaprastha (Sanskrit: वाक्यप्रस्थ, lit. “city of delivering speeches”). Inspired by such words and versions, the city was finally named Baghpat during the Mughal Era.

Geography

District Baghpat is one of the district of West Uttar Pradesh. The town is Located on the banks of river Yamuna. It is 52 km from Meerut and is on the main Delhi – Sharanpur Highway around 40 km from Delhi.In the north of the district baghpat there is district Muzaffarnagar,in the south district Ghaziabad,in the west river Yamuna and district Rohtak of Harayana.The shape of the district Baghpat is rectangular which area is more in north to south than east to west.It is very closely located to (around 40 km) the national capital New Delhi.

Famous places
Pura MahaDev

Pura MahaDev (पुरामहादेव) Village is inhabited by the Malik Jats and is situated on a hillock on the banks of the Hindon River. There is a very ancient temple dedicated to the Lord Shiva, where, twice a year, Shiva devotees carry water from the holy River Ganges, at Haridwar, walking all the way, as an offering to Lord Shiva. Fairs are held here on the fourteenth day of Shraavana (sometime in August–September) and Phalguna (February) in the foothills of the Lord Shiva temple in this village. Mahadev Pura is about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from the nearest town, Baleni, which is well-served by the highway from Meerut (32 kilometres (20 mi)) to Baghpat (28 kilometres (17 mi)). According to a local tradition, the sage Parashurama founded a Shiva temple here and named the place Shivapuri which in process of time became changed to Shivpura and then got shortened to Pura.

Gufa Waale Baba Ka Mandir

This temple is a holy place of the name of Gufa Wale Baba Ji (a.k.a. Kuti Wale Baba). There is also Lord Shiva’s mandir within this place. People, in large numbers, visit it on religious festivals like Holi, Diwali, etc. Every Sunday devotees from nearby areas participate in religious activities. The temple is situated on the Delhi to Saharanpur highway (SH-57) in Sarurpur Kalan village.

Naag Baba Ka Mandir

It is situated near village Bamnauli on road from Baraut to Budhana via Puchar. Every year on Naag Panchmi, huge crowd can be seen here. On deepawali and Holi also, people belonging to nearby places come here from other cities of India to worship Naag Devta.

Valmiki Ashram

About 25 km from the city towards Meerut, off Meerut road and near the Hindon River is the Valmiki Ashram, where according to Ramayana Luv and Kush sons of Lord Rama were born and brought up. This is the place where Sita came to live after the Ram-Ravan yudh in Ramayana.

Kali Singh Baba Mandir

This temple is situated near Laliyana village on the road from Chamrawal to Dhauli Pyau. Every Sunday, a huge crowd can be seen here. On Diwali, and Holi also, people come here from nearby cities to worship Kali Singh Baba.

IAF Chandinagar

IAF Chandinagar is an Indian Air Force training, and Garud Commando Force, centre near the village of Chamrawal. Facilities inside Chandinagar include a Kendriya Vidyalaya school, CSD canteen, and Punjab National Bank branch.