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Bulandshahr district,Uttar Pradesh

Bulandshahr is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bulandshahr District. This city is part of the Delhi National Capital Region (NCR). According to Government of India, the district Bulandshahr is one of the Minority Concentrated District in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.The distance between Bulandshahr and New Delhi is 77.5 km and it takes 1 hour 26 mins to reach there.

History

This region is close to the capital of the Pandavas – Indraprastha and Hastinapur. After the decline of Hastinapur, Ahar, which is situated in the north-east part of Bulandshahr District, became an important place for the Pandavas.

Later the King Parma made a fort in this part of the region. A Tomar king named Ahibaran laid the foundation of a fort called Baran here and established his capital. It was traditionally called Baran city and only recently came to be called Bulandshahr in official usages. Since it was perched on a highland it came to be known as “high city” (Persian: بلند شهر‎‎), which translates as Bulandshahr in Persian language. There is a present day place called Upper Court (Hindi: ओपरकोट) which is believed to be the Fort of Raja Ahibarna and old Baran was limited to this area.

King Ahivarn or Ahibaran was a Kshatriya and a Suryavanshi.[citation needed] He was the 21st descendant of Samrat (Emperor) Mandhata, the ruler of Ayodhya. According to Mahalakshmi Vrat Katha, it was in the lineage of Emperor Mandhatas that at one stage son of King Vallabh, Agrasen was born and at another stage son of King Parmaal, Ahivarn was born; both of whom further started their own clans: Agrawal (or Agarwal) and Varnwal (or Barnwal).

According to an old treatise on the caste system, ‘Jati Bhaskar’, Samrat Mandhata had two sons, Gunadhi and Mohan. King Parmaal was the descendant of King Gunadhi while King Vallabh was the descendant of King Mohan.

The Barn kingdom existed for hundreds of years. It was a great center of trade, commerce and arts. It is said[by whom the founding king of Bulandshahr Raja Ahibaran accepted the Vanika Dharma for the benefit of his people and for prospering trade and commerce in the region.

The kingdom of Barn came to an end probably during the 12th century. In 1192 CE when Muhammad Ghauri conquered parts of India, his general Qutubuddin Aibak surrounded Fort Barn and, with the help of traitors, was able to kill King Chandrasen Dor and in the process took control of the Barn kingdom.

The ancient ruins found at places in Bhatora Veerpur, Ghalibpur, etc. are indicative of the antiquity of Bulandshahr. There are several other important places in the District from where statues belonging to the medieval age and objects of ancient temples have been found. Even today, several of these historical and ancient objects such as coins, inscriptions etc. are preserved in the Lucknow State Museum.

Notable People from Bulandshahr

  • Anil Kumar Awana, member of legislative council ( MLC )
  • Ilyas Burney, head of Department of Economics at Osmania University.
  • Jaiprakash Gaur, founder and chairman of Jaiprakash Associates and Jaypee Group companies.
  • Arif Mohammad Khan, former Indian Union minister.
  • Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Indian fast bowler his native village lohali in bulandshahr
  • Satish Kumar, Boxer medalist of 2014 Asian Games.
  • Vijay Singh Pathik, was among the first revolutionaries from the state who lit the torch of freedom movement in the state.
  • Gajendra Pal Singh Raghava, Famous Indian scientist expert in bioinformatics, winner of numerous scientific awards including Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology
  • Shiv Charan Sharma,Was an educationist and entrepreneur in whose memory Shiv Charan inter college at kale aam is located.
  • Acharya Chatursen Shastri, eminent Hindi writer.
  • Bhola Singh, is a member of Lok Sabha, and he represents Bulandshahr.
  • Kushal Pal Singh, CEO of DLF Limited, India’s largest real estate developer.
  • Om Prakash Tyagi, Founder of Arya Vir Dal, famous Arya Samaj Leader and BJP parliamentarian.
  • Rahul Verma, social worker and activist; founded the Uday Foundation
  • Neera Yadav, ex-officer of the Indian Administrative Service.
  • Yogendra Singh Yadav, Param Vir Chakra awardee, was born in Aurangabad, Bulandshahr.