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Ghazipur District,Uttar Pradesh

Ghazipur District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The city of Ghazipur is the district headquarters. The district is part of Varanasi Division. The region of Ghazipur is mainly famous for production of its unique rose scented Spray called Gulab Jal and for the tomb of famous Viceroy of British India Lord Cornwallis who died here and his tomb which is situated in Western part of City is conserved by Archaeological Survey of India.The opium factory “Government Opium and Alkaloid works” situated in Ghazipur city is the biggest opium factory of Asia.

History

As per the verbal and folk history.Ghazipur was covered with dense forest during the Vedic era and it was a place for ashrams of saints during that period. The place is related to the Ramayana period. Maharshi Jamadagni, the father of Maharshi Parashurama, is said to have resided here.[citation needed] The famous Gautama Maharishi and Chyavana were given teaching and sermon here in ancient period. Lord Buddha gave his first sermon in Sarnath,[6] which is not far from the here.

Its ancient name of Gadhipuri or Gadhipur was renamed to Ghazipur about 1330, after Ghāzī Malik, a Muslim ruler of the Tughluq dynasty, who ruled this area.

The first Scientific Society of India was established first in Ghazipur in 1862 by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan for propagating modern Western knowledge of science, technology and industry. It was a departure from the past in the sense that education made a paradigm shift from traditional humanities and related disciplines to the new field of science and agriculture. Some current institution like Technical Education and Research Institute (TERI),[8] part of post-graduate college PG College Ghazipur, in the city, takes their inspiration from that first Society.

Geography
Ghazipur is located at 25.58°N 83.57°E.It has an average elevation of 62 metres (203 feet).
Rivers in the district include the Ganges, Gomati, Gaangi, Beson, Magai, Bhainsai, Tons and Karmanasa River.
Notable people

  • Abdul Hamid, soldier, recipient of Param Veer Chakra, India’s highest military
  • Kuber Nath Rai, writer and literary scholar
  • Nazir Hussain, actor in Bhojpuri cinema
  • Rahi Masoom Raza, novelist
  • Ram Bahadur Rai, Padmashri
  • Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, ascetic and leader
  • Viveki Rai, writer
  • Yunus Parvez, actor
  • Vinod Rai,Padma Bhushan
  • Hamid Ansari, Vice President of India