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Hapur district,Uttar Pradesh

Hapur district, formerly known as Panchsheel Nagar, was announced on 28 September 2011 as one of three new districts of the Uttar Pradesh state of India. It was renamed in 2012.Hapur district is a part of Meerut division. It is undergoing changes for development into a fully realised district. Soon it will be well developed and more administrative facilities will be available.
Hapur consists of the tehsils of Hapur, Garhmukteshwar and Dhaulana. It had been part of Ghaziabad district.

History

Hapur is said to have been founded in the 10th century. It was granted by Daulat Scindia to his French general Pierre Cuillier-Perron at the end of the 18th century. Under the British Raj, Hapur was within Meerut District, was surrounded by several fine groves, and carried on considerable trade in sugar, grain, cotton, timber, bamboo, and brass utensils. The important cavalry remount depot and farm of Babugarh adjoined the town.

Geography

Hapur (Haripur) is located at 28.72°N 77.78°E.It has an average elevation of 213 meters (699 feet). It is bound on the north by Meerut, in the south by Bulandshahr, while Ghaziabad forms the southern and western limits. Amroha District (formerly Jyotiba Phule Agar) lies to the east. The river Ganges forms the eastern boundary and home to the sacred place known as ‘Garhmukteshwar’ where lakhs of people come every year for pilgrimage. The ground is not rocky and there are no mountains. Hapur is part of the Indus-Gangetic Plain, the soil composed of pleistocene and more recent alluvial sediments transported and deposited by river action from the Himalayan region. These alluvial deposits are unconsolidated. Lithologically, sediments consist of clay, silt and fine to coarse sand. Land is very fertile for growing crops, especially wheat, sugarcane and vegetables. Also, the river ‘kali nadi’ issues from the outskirts of the city.

Places to visit
Hapur has been a religious center since ancient times. There are various temples, mosques, gurdwaras, churches. There are also famous secular places (e.g. forts) to visit in Hapur.
Hindu

  • Mandir Shri Radha Balhab Ji Maharaj (Maheshwari Mandir), Garh Delhi Road, Arya Nagar
  • Arya Samaj Mandir, Delhi Garh Road
  • There are 8 temples in a small village, Tumrail, in which there are 4 Shiv Mandir, 1 Sai Mandir, 1 Shani Mandir, 1 Jaharveer Mandir, and 1 Devi Chandi-Kalika Mandir.
  • Chandi Mandir – This temple was built by Raja Harishchandra more than 500 years ago. It is located in a very crowded area called subzi mandi about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) from Hapur city center (tehsil chopla).
  • Sapnawat Sai Mandir – This is a famous temple of Sai Baba of Shirdi located in the nearby village of Sapnawat. It is also called the “mini shirdi”. People from various regions—like Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand—come here to visit. The temple is situated 18 kilometres (11 mi) from Hapur city center.
  • Sabli Shiv Mandir – This is an ancient temple which was built about 700 years ago. It is located in a village named Sabli. During the time of ganga snan lakhs of Kanwariya come here. The temple is spread over a very large area and 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Hapur city center.
  • Garhmukteshwar – This is a well known pilgrimage site where people come from all over India, especially during the time of ganga snan. It is located 35 kilometres (22 mi) east of Hapur city on NH-24.
  • Shiv Mandir – Located in the village of Naan, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from Hapur city.
  • Devi Mandir – Located in the village of Tumrail, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from Hapur city. This is an old temple, which was built about 100 years ago.
  • Buddhist

  • Sakyasingha Ratpala Buddha Monastery. Located in Buddha Lok, Meerut Road, Hapur. International Buddha Education Institute, Regional Center of the World Fellowship of Buddhists (WFB).
  • Jain

  • Shri 1008 Aadinath Digamber Jain Temple, Mahaveer Marg, Hapur
  • Shri 1008 Parshvanath Digamber Jain Temple, Meerut Road near flyover, Hapur
  • Shri 1008 Parshvanath Digamber Jain Temple, Shankar Ganj, Garh Road, Hapur
  • Shri 1008 Sumatinath Shwetamber Jain Temple, Dadabari, near Medicine Market, Garh Road, Hapur
  • Digambar Jain Birds Hospital, Kaserath Bazaar, Mahavir Marg, Hapur
  • Sikh

  • Bhora sahib-It is a gurdwara located on the Meerut Road where people from various places come.
  • Christian

  • Seventh-day Adventist Church—This church was built by Milton Mattison in 1919. There are two nearby institutions associated with this church:
  • Milton Mattison Memorial Hospital—located on Meerut Road, near the LIC office—provides general medicine, general surgery and ob/gyn services. It also has the best and largest dental facility (7 chairs) in the city.
  • The S.D.A Mission School campus, which is Located on Meerut Road, near the flyover, and 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Harpur city center.
  • Tatarpur Catholic Church, Hapur, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from Hapur city center.
  • Hapur Methodist Church, Bulandshahr Road, Hapur
  • Forts

  • Asoura Fort, located in Asoura village, near Meerut Road, Hapur.
  • Kuchesar Mud Fort Located near NH-24 on Kuchesar Road, Hapur, near Kamla School.
  • Famous personages

  • Ram Charan, a renowned management thinker and guru, is originally from Hapur.
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh, the former prime minister of India, was born in the village of Noorpur, Hapur.
  • Gajraj Singh, Indian National Congress, is from Hapur. He is representing Hapur in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly.