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Muzaffarnagar District,Uttar Pradesh

Muzaffarnagar District ‎ is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. It is well known for its agricultural prosperity (Highest agricultural GDP in UP) and is one of the most prosperous districts of Uttar Pradesh. This district, being one of the highest producer of sugarcane in the country, is also known as “Sugar Bowl of India”. It is part of Saharanpur division. The city of Muzaffarnagar is the district headquarters. This district is also the part of National Capital Region.

History
Medieval period

Muzaffarnagar’s early medieval history is obscure till the Indo-Mughal period. Timur’s army had marched to Delhi through this region in 1399; its people fought it unsuccessfully. In Mughal Emperor Akbar’s time, most of the Muzaffarnagar district region, called Sarwat then under the Mahal control of Taga / Tyagi brahmans of Sarvat village, belonged to the sarkar (circle) of Saharanpur. Akbar bestowed pargana of Sarwat on Sayyed Mahmud Khan Barha which remained with his descendants up to the 17th century. After killing Peer Khan Lodi styled as Khan Jahan lodi, Shahjahan bestowed title of deceased Peer Khan Lodhi and Pargana of Sarwat on Sayyed Muzaffar Khan Barha, whose son Munawwar Lashkar Khan Barha established the city and named it Muzaffarnagar in honour of his father, and Sarwat also became Muzaffarnagar.The history of this district remained closely associated with these Sayyid rulers. It was the birthplace of the Sayyid Brothers, Abdullah Khan Barha & Hussain Ali Khan Barha famous as king makers in Mughal history. Marathas rose as power who control most of doab region in the 18th century.

Geography

MuzaffarNagar is located at 29.48°N 77.68°E at an elevation of 272 meters above sea level in the Doab region of Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is located 125 kilometres NE of the national capital, Delhi, and roughly 200 kilometres SE of Chandigarh. The historical cities of Bijnor, Meerut and Hastinapur are close by. Also in proximity are New Delhi, Ghaziabad, Roorkee, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Dehra Dun, Saharanpur, Panipat, Karnal, Yamunagar and the hill station of Mussoorie.

Notable personalities of Muzaffarnagar

  • Late Mahendra Singh Tikait, (6 October 1935 – 15 May 2011) Former President of Bhartiya Kisaan Union, Tikait was a non-political, farmer leader. He belonged to Sisauli village of Muzaffarnagar District
  • Swami Kalyan Dev (1876-2004), was an ascetic who worked in the field of education and social reforms throughout his life. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan by Government of India.
  • Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan once lived in Muzaffarnagar. His “Kehkashan” bungalow is still present in the city in the form of shardein school near Company Garden.
  • Virendra Verma, A political figure and former Governor of Punjab and Himacahal Pradesh also hailed from Muzaffarnagar
  • Babu Sumer Singh who was the biggest landlord of the village Lachhera, actively participated in the “Bhoodan Movement” and donated many of his lands to the landless.
  • Chandra Muni Tyagi, Gandhian Follower, Freedam Fighter, being jailed by Britishers for years.
  • Nawazuddin Siddiqui, A Bollywood actor who has worked in movies such as Black Friday, New York, Peepli Live, Kahani, and Gangs of Wasseypur.
  • Javed Ali, A playback singer of Bollywood and album songs, belongs to Shahpur town of Muzaffarnagar.
  • Ali Quli Mirza A Bollywood actor & Pop Singer he belong from Village. Muradpura near town Baghra.
  • Late Thakur Vijaypal Singh A Leader,freedom fighter & Ex MP elected in 1971 from Muzaffarnagar against Chaudhary Charan Singh
  • Late Thakur Mussadi singh of kurthal village was Biggest zamindar in district in 1901
  • Late Harbhagwan Tyagi, Gandhian Follower, Freedam Fighter, being jailed by Britishers for years.
  • Some important places of Muzaffarnagar
    Religious

  • Brahma ji temple is situated in town BUDHANA on the bank of HINDON RIVER in Muzaffarnagar district. The ancient temple in Budhana is also known as SHRI HARNANDESHWAR DHAM, NADI WALA MANDIR
  • Shukratal is a well-known religious town under Muzaffarnagar district. It is the place where Rishi Suka narrated the Bhagwat Purana to Parikshit Maharaj for 7 days before he was bitten to death by snake king takshaka as per the prophecy/curse . The thousands of years old Vat Vriksha (banyan tree) associated with times of Mahabharata and under which the historical event of Bhagwat Purana narration by rishi Suka to grandson of arjuna, the dying king Parikshit happened. It is said that because the tree witnessed and heard the Bhagwat Purna straight from rishi Suka maharaj it has become immortal. Every year lakhs of devotees come to do Parikrama (circling the perimeter of tree on foot) of this ancient tree. The divine tree Kalpavriksha planted by Swami Omanand ji and Vijaypal Baghel in Navgriha Vatika of Shuktirth. Shukratal is also famous for its temple with sky-high statues of Lord Hanuman, Lord Ganesha, Lord Shiva and Goddess Durga. The river Ganga also passes through Shukratal, flowing straight from Haridwar.
  • Kali-Nadi Devi Mandir is situated at the west end of the city is one of the oldest temples in the city and holds a great mythological importance. A large scale bhandara is held here on every Devi Chaudas and on the following day of the festival of Holi, a large fair is held in and around the temple premises. Amongst several other legends attributed to the temple, prominent one is of a nawab getting cursed by the temple priest after he tried stopping the evening ceremonies of the temple forcefully for his hunting in the adjoining forest was disturbed by the sounds of temple bells and aarti chants. As per the legend the nawab fell sick the as soon as he returned home that evening and various hakeems from even the adjoining areas failed to revive him for full three weeks. When every effort seemed to be failing the munshi of the nawab reminded him of the curse and the nawab realizing the real reason of his sickness then sent his munshi with gifts of gold and silver and a letter of forgiveness to the priest, but the angry priest in turn refused to accept them and declared that he would only take the curse back on the condition that the nawab himself came and asked for forgiveness from goddess in the temple. The nawab agreed to it and went asking for forgiveness to the temple, after much pleading the priest is then said to have taken back the curse healing the nawab then and there. In appreciation of the miracle, the nawab is said to have issued a farmaan forbidding any hunting in the forest around temple premises.
  • Vahelna, 4 km from the city, is a holy site for Jains. Vahelna is an excellent example of Hindu-Muslim brotherhood as the walls of Mosque, Shiv Mandir and Jain Mandir touch each other.
  • http://muzaffarnagar.nic.in/tourist.htm Bhairo-ka-Mandir], the Bhairo Temple, is situated in the heart of the city on Ansari Road.It is a very quiet and spiritual place to spend some time. It is most visited during festival season. This temple is of special significance because it contains Ekadash-Shivlinga (eleven Shivalingas). The temple is situated right in the heart of the city, yet is hidden and few people know about it. If you need spiritual awakening do visit this temple in the morning and evening to chant the daily arti. Pandit Sunil Dobriyal is looking after the mandir premises.
    Shiv Chowk is a place of worship located in the heart of city on the GT Road. Over 300 thousand kawariyas perform parikrama of the Holy temple on the occasion of Shiv Ratri.The very first photographic establishment of the western Uttar Pradesh “Gufran Studio” is also at shiv chowk.
  • Shri Shri Golokdham is a religious place for Devotess of lord krishna situated at heart of muzaffarnagr city i.e. Gandhi colony.
  • Sankirtan Bhawan, popularly known as Kirtan Bhawan, is situated in prime residential area of New Mandi. A Kirtan (singing of Bhajans in praise of Lord) is conducted daily in evening here; the temple got its name on this daily activity. It is the only temple in 5 districts nearby to have a statue of Lord Tirupati Balaji (an avatar of Lord Vishnu) in accordance with Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD), Tirumala, Andhra Pradesh. A Bhandaara (free distribution of food as Lord’s Prasada) is being organised at this temple’s “Anna Shetra” (Food Area) daily at 12.00 noon. More than 1,00,000 poor people are being served annually here. It was started by a well-known philanthropist and businessman of his time, Late Giani Ram Gupta, in 1979 out of his own funds but by Lord’s blessing very soon the initiative received heavy donations and today it supports similar initiatives in areas nearby.
  • Ram Lila Ttilla
  • Dallu Devta is a religious place near Kali Nadi.
  • Balaji Dham, (an avatar of Lord Hanuman), aka Balaji Temple, is also famous; it is situated in ‘New Mandi’ area of Muzaffarnagar. A Bhandaara is also organised here daily at 2.00 PM.
  • Jai Maa Shakti Mandir is situated in Patel Nagar The temple is managed by Pt.Avadhraj Acharya.So many functions are arranged every year like ganpati utsav, shiv vavah on shivratri,janmashtmi utsav.Every year on ANNKUTA a big bhandara is arranged,thousands of people have prasad on this occasion.The temple is having fabulous murtis of god that looks so real.The one and only temple of BHAGWAN PARSHURAM(the sixth avtar of bhagwan vishnu) is situated at shivnagar,gandhi colony.
  • Dargah Har Shrinath is situated at Ansari Road. The branches of the place are almost in every city of India with its Head-Office in Delhi. Every Shivratri, here is a very big function. The annual function of the temple is celebrated on 9 March with great pomp and show.