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Sambhal district,Uttar Pradesh

Sambhal is a city in Uttar Pradesh, India. Sambhal is a Muslim dominated area.It takes 2 hours 40 mins to reach Sambhal and is 158.6 kilometres (98.5 mi) from New Delhi.

Sambhal district, which had population of around 22 lakh, was carved out of Moradabad district in September 2011. It consists of three tehsils — Sambhal and Chandausi, taken from Moradabad, and Gunnaur, taken from Badaun. Sambhal city is famous for its unique kind of horn and bone craft items which is manufactured in Sarai Tarin 4 km away from Sambhal city (but included in Sambhal) which are being exported. Sambhal headquarter is situated in Pawasa Sambhal.

History

Sambhal has a rich history and has been home to several rulers and emperors. It was found in Satyuga. At that time it was a very big city. From the Lodi’s to the Mughal’s, right from the 5th century BC and spanning up to the 16th Century, it has been under the rule of one emperor or the other.

During 5th century BC, Sambhal was home to the Panchal rulers and was subsequently a part of king Ashoka’s empire.

During the 12th century, Prithviraj Chauhan, Delhi’s last Hindu ruler is said to have engaged in two fierce battles here which were both fought against Ghazi Sayyad Salar Masud, who was the nephew of the ruler of the Ghazni empireMahmud Ghazni. Chauhan gained victory over the latter in the first war and vice versa is said to have occurred in the second war. There nevertheless is no circumstantial evidence to prove the same and is widely regarded as a legend.

Qutubuddin Aibak, the first Muslim sultan of Delhi, seized Sambhal and included it under his empire. That was in the early 14th Century and subsequently, Firoz Shah Tughlaq, another sultan of Delhi, raided the town of Sambhal as one of the Hindu rulers from there was responsible for the killing of several of his men. He, therefore, administered a Muslim rule in Sambhal to try and vanquish all of the Hindu ruler’s forces and enslave him for the rest of his life.

In 15th century BC, Sikandar Lodi, the second ruler of the Lodi empire, declared Sambhal as one of the capitals of his vast empire and it remained that way for four long years.

After the previously mentioned empires had collapsed, it was then the turn of the Mughals to stake a claim in the offerings of Sambhal as a place that was most suited to be the capital of their empire. Babar, the first Mughal ruler constructed the first Babri Masjid in Sambhal which is to date considered to be a historic monument. He later on made his son Humayun the governor of Sambhal and Humayun in turn passed on the reigns to his son Akbar. Sambhal is said to have flourished under the Akbar rule but subsequently deteriorated in popularity when Akbar’s son Shah Jahan was made the incharge of the city.

Tourism and attractions

  • Shahi Jama Masjid The Sambhal mosque, built by a Mughal general, Mir Hindu Beg, in 1528, is the only surviving Mughal building constructed during the time of Babar. This is the famous Jama-Masjid (mosque) located in the Kot East colony of Sambhal. It is also the biggest mosque in sambhal.
    Chakki Ka Paat Chakki Ka Paat refers to the traditional stone grinder. It was used in the older days to grind the food. These traditionally grinders are generally very heavy as they are made of stone and it takes a lot of effort to use them. But one man from Sambhal, popularly known as Nut is said to put it on the height of 50 feet and hung it on top by making some stunts. Today the grind is in same condition and the people can have a look themselves to believe it.
  • Tota maina kabr is a famous tourist spot and enshrouded in mystery. It is an unoccupied tomb that has calligraphy present on it and is popularly known as the Tota Maina Kabr. Many historians have failed to know of its real origins and who was responsible for it.
    Kalki Mandir This is a Hindu temple of Shri Kalki Bhagwan at city of Sambhal. It is believed that Shri Kalki Bhagwan shall born here in this city to remove devils from this Earth when Kalyug shall be at its peak.
  • Suraj Kund Mandir This temple is famous of having a kund in the compound and have a temple of Surya around that kund. Temple compound is huge and composrises many Hindu idols inside it. Temple also have a once in a year festival called Surajkund ki Feri, organized every year after diwali.
    Manokamna Mandir This temple is again having a huge compound and is famous for fulfilling the wishes of the believers who come here for the prayers.
    Gauri Shaya Mandir Situated in Kot East area near Kumar Nursing Home, this temple is not very old as compared to temples of Surajkund and Manokamna, but has been maintained very well and have very nice attractive Hindu idols.
  • Chemnath Teerth This temple is situated on Moradabad road and has a samadhi of Chemnath baba, its main visited on a Thursday where people come for wishes and pay tribute to baba in form of a cotton sheet.
  • Singhpur Teerth This is a newly build temple after a Shiv Ling was found during a construction in a village. It suddenly got popularity and is now a famous Shiva temple, also it has a very nice pond inside the temple premises.
  • There are other popular temples as well like Punjabi Mandir, Bankhandan ka Mandir, Raisatti ka Mandir, Sai baba mandir, Chawhatteshwar Mandir,Maskan-E-Yaqub etc.