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Sonebhadra district,Uttar Pradesh

Sonbhadra or Sonebhadra is the 2nd largest district of Uttar Pradesh, India.Sonbhadra is the only district in India which borders four states namely Madhya Pradesh, Chhattishgarh Jharkhand and Bihar.The district has an area of 6788 km² and a population of 1,862,559 (2011 census), with a population density of 270 persons per km².It lies in the extreme southeast of the state, and is bounded by Mirzapur District to the northwest, Chandoli District to the north, Kaimur and Rohtas districts of Bihar state to the northeast, Garhwa district of Jharkhand state to the east, Koriya and Surguja districts of Chhattisgarh state to the south, and Singrauli district of Madhya Pradesh state to the west. The district headquarters is in the town of Robertsganj.Sonbhadra district is an industrial zone and it has lots of minerals like bauxite, limestone, coal,gold etc.Sonbhadra is called as Energy Capital of India because there are so many power plants.

Sonbhadra lies between vindhya and Kaimur hills.So it is hilly region with natural beauty due to which First Prime minister of India Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru called sonbhadra The Switzerland of India.

History

Based on evidence from religious and cultural perspectives Ramayana and the Mahabharat, Huyen found here is the cultural symbol. By Jarasandh many rulers in the Mahabharat war was maintained prisoner here. In the third century, this was the capital of the kings of Kantipuri wakatak Nagvanshi dynasty till ninth centuries it was dominated. Abhor dynasty kings and powerful kings of kol were also ruled in this area. The forts Located in the district are

  • 1. Agori Fort – ruled by Madan Shah
  • 2.Vijaygarh Fort – ruled by Kashi Naresh Chet Singh
  • 3.Sodhrigarh Durg- ruled by Garhwal kings.
  • The heroine of Famous Novel Chandrakanta written by Devaki Nandan Khatri was the princess of Vijaygarh Fort and the daughter of king Jay Singh.
    Geography

    The Sone River flows through the district from west to east and its tributary the Rihand River, which rises to the south in the highlands of Surguja district of Chhattisgarh, flows north to join the Son in the center of the district. Sonbhadra is located in the south-eastern ranges of the Vindhyachal mountain. The Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar, a reservoir on the Rihand, lies partly in the district and partly in Madhya Pradesh. The district has historic, cultural, and ecological affinities with the Bagelkhand region. Robertsganj is the district headquarters, but Obra and Renukoot are the bigger and developed cities. Almost 80 km from Varanasi, the cultural centre of Indian epitome of Vedic civilisation, holds a prime importance as the district headquarters.

    Tourist Attraction
    Historical Places

  • 1. Vijaygarh Fort
  • 2. Agori Fort
  • 3. Mukkha-Lakhaniya Cave paintings
  • 4. Veer Lorik Patthar
  • 5. Shahid Park, Parasi
  • Natural Places

  • 1. Salkhan Fossil Park
  • 2 Mukkha Fall
  • 3 Mahuwariya sanctuary
  • 4 Son View Point, Robertsganj
  • 5. Rihand Dam
  • 6. Dhanraul Dam
  • 7. Chilka lake, Shaktinagar
  • 8 Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary
  • 9.Ash Dam Park, Renusagar
  • 10.Maya Van Chetna KendraHathinala
  • Temples

  • 1. Shivdwar Temple
  • 2 Mata vaishnav Temple, Dalla
  • 3 Panchmuki
  • 4 Gauri Shankar Mandir
  • 5 Baraila Mahadev Mandir
  • 6 Renukeshwar Mahadev Temple
  • 7. Radha Krishna Temple
  • 9.Vandevi Temple
  • 10 Lotus Temple, Renukut
  • 11. Ram Mandir, Renukoot
  • 12.Jwaladevi Temple, Shaktinagar
  • 13.shitla mata temple (Robertsganj)