Gandhinagar District is an administrative division of Gujarat, India, whose headquarters are at Gandhinagar, the state capital. It was organized in 1964.
It has an area of 649 km², and a population of 1,334,455 of which 35.02% were urban (2001 census).The district includes Gandhinagar with three Suburbs – Chandkheda, Motera, Adalaj. The four tehsils are – Gandhinagar, Kalol INA, Dahegam and Mansa – and 216 villages.
Gandhinagar district is bounded by the districts of Sabarkantha and Aravalli to the northeast, Kheda to the southeast, Ahmedabad to the southwest, and Mehsana to the northwest.
Connected to Ahmedabad by the Sarkhej-Gandhinagar highway, and with Vadodara with the Ahmedabad-Vadodara highway, these three cities form the top population centres and commercial heart of Gujarat and western India.
Gandhinagar city is a well planned city like Chandigarh (State Capital of Haryana & Punjab, India) which is having 30 sectors which are of 1 km each in Length and Width. Each sector has a primary school, a secondary school, a higher secondary school, a medical dispensary, a shopping centre and a maintenance office.
Gandhinagar has infocity nearby which is housing IT companies. Many big IT companies like TCS, Cybage has presence in infocity whereas PCS is located at GIDC area. Many more companies are planning to come to infocity. Etech, Inc., one of the major BPO players in Gujarat is also based here along with operations in Vadodara and Texas.
Akshardham Gandhinagar is situated in Sector-20. It is one of the major Hindu Temple complex of Gujarat.
Gandhinagar has many educational institutions like Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of ICT, EDI, Indian Plasma Research Institute, and Gujarat Law University. Gandhinagar’s Education level is highest in Gujarat, 87.11% all over the Gujarat, therefore Gandhinagar is most popular City & Called “THE HEART” Of Gujarat.
In the 13th century, King Pethasinh of Pethapur, ruled over Shertha town. After the death of Pethasinh, the Sultanate of Patan used this land as battle ground. Sultan Ahmed Shah decided to move his capital from Patan, Gujarat to a new city, and built Ahmedabad.
In 1960, Bombay state was split in two different states, Gujarat and Maharashtra. Ahmedabad became capital of Gujarat, and a new capital city was to be built on land which was once part of Pethapur state.
The new capital city was planned by Chief Architect H.K. Mewada, educated at Cornell University, and his assistant Prakash M Apte.Both Mewada, and Apte had worked as trainees under legendary architect Le Corbusier in the Chandigarh Project in the 1950s. Gandhinagar’s streets are numbered, and have cross streets named for letters of the Gujarati alphabet (e.g., “k”, “kh”, “g”, “gh”, “ch”, “chh”, “j”). All streets cross every kilometre, and at every crossing traffic circles decrease the speed of traffic.
The city has developed in four distinct phases:
This road was proposed to be extended further to the south to join the State Highway at Surkhej near Ahmedabad. A road over bridge was to be provided at the crossing of this road and the Ahmedabad Delhi metre gauge line at Khodiar. Thus, traffic from Saurashtra area could directly come to Gandhinagar without going through Ahmedabad. The road link to Khodiar also connects the new city with Ahmedabad-Mount Abu State Highway. The site is connected to National Highway No, 8 (Bombay-Delhi) across the river by 5 km (3.1 mi) link road.
The alignment of the proposed extension of the broad-gauge railway from Sabarmati to the Fertiliser Complex at Saij near Kalol and also to the thermal power station installed in the industrial area in Gandhinagar, was to run along the western boundary of the township. It was proposed to have a railway station in the centre along the western boundary of the township. The railway line was to run under proposed road over bridge at Khodiar and where it crosses the Ahmedabad-Kalol State Highway, there was to be a road over bridge. The new city was thus very well linked by road, rail and air with.all parts of the state and the country.