Gandhinagar District,Gujarat

Gandhinagar District is an administrative division of Gujarat, India, whose headquarters are at Gandhinagar, the state capital. It was organized in 1964.

It has an area of 649 km², and a population of 1,334,455 of which 35.02% were urban (2001 census).The district includes Gandhinagar with three Suburbs – Chandkheda, Motera, Adalaj. The four tehsils are – Gandhinagar, Kalol INA, Dahegam and Mansa – and 216 villages.

Gandhinagar district is bounded by the districts of Sabarkantha and Aravalli to the northeast, Kheda to the southeast, Ahmedabad to the southwest, and Mehsana to the northwest.

Connected to Ahmedabad by the Sarkhej-Gandhinagar highway, and with Vadodara with the Ahmedabad-Vadodara highway, these three cities form the top population centres and commercial heart of Gujarat and western India.

Gandhinagar city is a well planned city like Chandigarh (State Capital of Haryana & Punjab, India) which is having 30 sectors which are of 1 km each in Length and Width. Each sector has a primary school, a secondary school, a higher secondary school, a medical dispensary, a shopping centre and a maintenance office.

Gandhinagar has infocity nearby which is housing IT companies. Many big IT companies like TCS, Cybage has presence in infocity whereas PCS is located at GIDC area. Many more companies are planning to come to infocity. Etech, Inc., one of the major BPO players in Gujarat is also based here along with operations in Vadodara and Texas.

Akshardham Gandhinagar is situated in Sector-20. It is one of the major Hindu Temple complex of Gujarat.

Gandhinagar has many educational institutions like Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of ICT, EDI, Indian Plasma Research Institute, and Gujarat Law University. Gandhinagar’s Education level is highest in Gujarat, 87.11% all over the Gujarat, therefore Gandhinagar is most popular City & Called “THE HEART” Of Gujarat.


In the 13th century, King Pethasinh of Pethapur, ruled over Shertha town. After the death of Pethasinh, the Sultanate of Patan used this land as battle ground. Sultan Ahmed Shah decided to move his capital from Patan, Gujarat to a new city, and built Ahmedabad.

In 1960, Bombay state was split in two different states, Gujarat and Maharashtra. Ahmedabad became capital of Gujarat, and a new capital city was to be built on land which was once part of Pethapur state.

The new capital city was planned by Chief Architect H.K. Mewada, educated at Cornell University, and his assistant Prakash M Apte.Both Mewada, and Apte had worked as trainees under legendary architect Le Corbusier in the Chandigarh Project in the 1950s. Gandhinagar’s streets are numbered, and have cross streets named for letters of the Gujarati alphabet (e.g., “k”, “kh”, “g”, “gh”, “ch”, “chh”, “j”). All streets cross every kilometre, and at every crossing traffic circles decrease the speed of traffic.

The city has developed in four distinct phases:

  • Phase 1: After the city’s infrastructure was completed in 1970, and until 1980, it was known as ‘Gandhian City,’ since it was based on Gandhi’s concepts and principles.
  • Phase 2: Between 1980 and 1990, a time of low pollution, it was known as ‘Unpolluted City’.
  • Phase 3: After 1990, many trees were planted, and the city became the ‘Green City.’
  • Phase 4: In 2002, Gujarat’s Chief Minister, Narendra Modi, proposed a new, triple focus for the city: it should be green, It should use solar energy, and It should be cosmopolitan.
  • The new city is linked with Ahmedabad on the south by a direct road, having a straight alignment and a right of way 91.44 metres (300.0 ft) wide between the proposed capital and the railway station of Khodiar about ten kilometres (six miles) to the west.
  • This road was proposed to be extended further to the south to join the State Highway at Surkhej near Ahmedabad. A road over bridge was to be provided at the crossing of this road and the Ahmedabad Delhi metre gauge line at Khodiar. Thus, traffic from Saurashtra area could directly come to Gandhinagar without going through Ahmedabad. The road link to Khodiar also connects the new city with Ahmedabad-Mount Abu State Highway. The site is connected to National Highway No, 8 (Bombay-Delhi) across the river by 5 km (3.1 mi) link road.

    The alignment of the proposed extension of the broad-gauge railway from Sabarmati to the Fertiliser Complex at Saij near Kalol and also to the thermal power station installed in the industrial area in Gandhinagar, was to run along the western boundary of the township. It was proposed to have a railway station in the centre along the western boundary of the township. The railway line was to run under proposed road over bridge at Khodiar and where it crosses the Ahmedabad-Kalol State Highway, there was to be a road over bridge. The new city was thus very well linked by road, rail and air with.all parts of the state and the country.

    Tourist attractions

  • Akshardham Temple in Gandhinagar is a temple built of pink stones with carvings. It is surrounded by gardens and fountains.
  • Deer Park (Indroda Park) is a large area containing various sections such as a Jurassic Park theme, deer park, snake park, birds park etc. Deer Park is also known as GEER Foundation Park or Indroda Park as it is located in a village named Indroda. It contains Dinosaurs Park where huge statues of different Dinosaurs are kept with a detailed explanation. Snake park contains various local snakes available in and around Gujarat. Birds are free to fly in a big enclosed bird park. There is also an aquarium.
  • Mahatma Mandir: The Mahatma Mandir is a convention cum exhibition centre and a memorial located at sector 13, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. It is named as Mahatma Mandir but is not a temple. Its exhibition area displays the economic and industrial development of the state similar to that of Pragati Maidain in New Delhi. It is one of the biggest convention centres of India spread over 34 acres (14 ha; 0.053 sq mi).Mahatma Mandir#cite note-toiks-1 It was developed by Government of Gujarat.Mahatma Mandir#cite note-ie-2 Business meets like Vibrant Gujarat Global Investor Summit 2011, 2013 and 2015 were organised here.Mahatma Mandir#cite note-bsa-3. The memorial dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi was constructed by Shapoorji Pallonji And Company Limited. A suspension bridge is built in memory of the Dandi March. A 41-metre high salt-mound atop of a concrete dome structure is constructed as a symbol of Gandhi’s famous Dandi march against the salt tax provisions imposed by the British regime in March 1930. The mound houses Dandi Kutir, a museum, library and research center. A sculpture garden with stone murals depicting the life of Mahatma Gandhi is also developed along with a grand spinning wheel, Charkha.
  • GH-4 circle; central vista ground; Swarnim Park
  • Children’s Park in Sector-28: Children’s Park is a major attraction for children and holiday makers. The Children’s Park has a mini train and a lake with boating facilities. It also in houses an amusement park/tricycle ground for children as well as adults with amusement rides like moon walker, brake dance etc.
  • Punit Van, a botanical garden in sector 19 is a garden containing a fusion of Botanical Garden depending on Zodiac signs and an Amphitheater. Chinese Kung fu is taught in Gandhinagar. That is first time in all over India.
  • Sarita Udyan, on the bank of River Sabarmati, is a garden with a view of the river. It has a botanical garden.
  • GIFT City Tower is the tallest building of the state.
  • Adalaj Stepwell, 18 km south of Gandhinagar. The well was built in 1499 A.D. by Queen Rudabai. The step well or Vav, as it is called in Gujarati, is intricately carved and is several stories in depth. The designs on its walls and pillars include, leaves, flowers, birds, fish and other ornamental designs.
  • Craftsmen’s Village in Pethapur Located near Gandhinagar, on the Sabarmati river back, is Pethapur village, only 7 km from the capital. Once famous for its colourful `Bandhani’ saris, the village also used to export wooden printing blocks to Singapore. The wooden blocks, with exquisite patterns carved on them, are used for the hand-printing of cloth. They are still in demand in the major hand, printing centres of India like Ahmedabad, Bombay, Jetpur and Rajkot. The Pethapur craftsmen are mainly Gujjar Suthars.
  • Rupal Village (pronc. Ru’paal) (about 12 km Northerly from Gandhinagar; 45 km Northerly from Ahmedabad), is known for “Palli : Rath of Maa Vardayini (Hindu Goddess)”, which is celebrated on the 8th day during “Navaratri” festival. It has its own charm when you see the “Palli” (Rath of Maa Vardayini) pass through the village streets. People come from all over the country to get the blessings of Maa Varadayini. “Palli”is made of wood of tree Khijada and prepared on the same day, which makes it Sacred, which is built by the Villagers only. Ghee (clarified butter) is used as prasad (Food for Good), which is poured on the Palli by the Devotees in huge amount. Gathering of devotees on the festival is approximately above 5,00,00 and is growing year by year.