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Mehsana district,Gujarat

Mehsana district (alternate spelling “Mahesana”) is one of the 33 districts of Gujarat state in western India. Mehsana city is the
administrative headquarters of this district. The district has a population of over 18 lakhs and an area of over 4,500 km². There are over 600 villages in
this district. It had a population of 1,837,892 of which 22.40% were urban as of 2001.

Mehsana district borders with Banaskantha district in the north, Patan and Surendranagar districts in west, Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad
districts in south and Sabarkantha district in the east.

Major towns of the district are Vijapur, Bahucharaji, Modhera, Unjha, Vadnagar, Kalol, Kadi, Visnagar, Kherva(Gujarati: ખેરવા), Jotana and
Khadalpur, Sanganpur ( સાંગણપુર, [Kanchanpur (Kochva)]),Navi Shedhavi.

Motor vehicles registered in the district have their registration numbers starting with GJ-2.

History

Mehsaji Chavda, a Rajput and an heir of Chawda dynasty, established Mehsana. He constructed the Toran (arc gate) of city and a temple
dedicated to Goddess Toran in Vikram Samvat 1414, Bhadrapad Sud 10 (1358 AD).It is described by Jaisinh Brahmbhatt in poems of 1932

Gaekwads conquered Vadodara and established Patan as the administrative headquarters of North Gujarat. Later it was moved to Kadi and
subsequently to Mehsana in 1902. They merged it with India after independence in 1947. It was included in Bombay state. Later became part of Gujarat in 1960
after division of Bombay state into Gujarat and Maharashtra. Today Mehsana is a separate district in north Gujarat.

There is a palace built by Gaekwads in city known as Rajmahal.
Geography
Mehsana has an average elevation of 265 feet (81 m) above sea level.
Religion
Hindus are the largest religious community of the city. Other minority religious communities includes Muslims, Christians, Sikhs and Jains.
Places of Worship

It includes Hinglaj Mata temple, Swaminarayan temple, Gayatri temple, Ambika Mata temple, Simandhar Jain Derasar as a major temples.

There is a temple dedicated to Ayyappa established by south Indian community and a Gurudwara sahib established by Sikh community near
Radhanpur cross road.

Simandhar Swami Jain Temple is located near Modhera cross roads. It is 161 ft (49 m) long, 97 ft (30 m) broad and 107 ft (33 m) high.

Christian churches includes Mar Greegorious Orthodox Syrian Church.