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Sabarkantha district,Gujarat

Sabarkantha is a district in Northeast of Gujarat state of India.

Geography

The administrative headquarters of the district is Himatnagar, about 80 km from Ahmedabad.

Sabarkantha District is bounded by Rajasthan state to the northeast, Banaskantha and Mehsana districts to the west, Gandhinagar to the south and Aravalli District to the South – East.

Himmatnagar is a district headquarters, and talukas Prantij and Talod are major industrial locations in Sabarkantha

Focus Industry Sectors – Agriculture, ceramics,chemicals and milk processing

Tourist Destinations – Idar, Polo Forests, Vijaynagar

Key raw materials such as groundnut, cotton, clay,oilseeds and tobacco are abundantly present in Sabarkantha.

The district comprises 7 Talukas. It is spread across an area of 7390 km2. It has a gender ratio of 950 females per 1000 men, and the literacy rate for the district is 76.6%.

It falls under Sesmic Zone 3
History

During the Western Satrap rule, the region was known as Shwabhra (Gujarati: શ્વભ્ર). The region is under rule of Satrap Rudradama in 150 A.D. as indicated in Ashoka’s Major Rock Edicts at Junagadh. The river of the region is named as Shwabhravati which is now known as Sabarmati river. The region is also named in auxiliary text Gaṇapāṭha of Pāṇini’s grammar work, Aṣṭādhyāyī.

During the British Raj Vijaynagar in Sabarkantha district was the capital of Vijaynagar State or Pol State, one of the princely states of the Mahi Kantha Agency.

Economy
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sabarkantha one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the six districts in Gujarat currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Notable personalities
Umashankar Joshi (1911–1988) Writer and scholar. Born in Bamna.