Buldhana district,Maharashtra

Buldhana is the district headquarters and a Municipal Council in the Buldhana District of Amravati division in the Indian State of Maharashtra. It is situated at the westernmost border of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and is 500 km from the state capital, Mumbai.

It is bounded by Madhya Pradesh on the north, Akola, Washim, and Amravati districts on the east, Jalna district on the south, and Jalgaon and Aurangabad districts on the west.

It is also known as the “Vidharbhache Praveshdwar”.

The city has a location amidst the mountains and it is also a Hill Station.

Origin of name
The name of the district is derived probably from Bhil Thana (place of Bhils, a tribal group).

Buldhana, along with the rest of Berar Province, was part of the kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata, a Sanskrit epic poem. Berar formed part of the Maurya Empire during the reign of Ashoka (272–231 BCE). Berar came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE–2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6th centuries), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta Dynasty (8th to 10th centuries), the Chalukyas again (10th to 12th centuries), and finally the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries). A period of Muslim rule began when Alauddin Khilji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century. The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the mid-14th century. The Bahmani Sultanate broke up into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572 Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahis ceded Berar to the Mughal Empire in 1595. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18th century, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad, seized the southern provinces of the empire (including Berar) in 1724, forming an independent state.

Top 20 most poulated places Buldana district 1901 (click to enlarge).

In 1853, the district, together with the rest of Berar, came under the administration of the British East India Company. Berar was divided into East and West Berar with Buldhana district being included in West Berar. In 1903, Berar was leased by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the British Government of India.

Some historical events

  • 1437: Nasir Khan Faruqi, ruler of Khandesh, invaded Berar. A battle was fought at Rohinkhed with Khalif Hasan Basri, governor of Daulatabad, for Aladdin Ahmad Shah II Bahmani. Khan-i-Jahan, governor of Berar, was besieged in Narnala Fort. Nasir Khan lost the battle.
  • 1590: The second battle at Rohinkhed took place between Burhan Nizam Shah and Jamal Kahn Mahdavi of Ahmednagar.
  • 1600s: Veer Mata Jijabai, the mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji (founder of the Maratha Empire) was born at Sindkhed Raja, at the Palace of Lakhuji Jadhav.
  • 1724: The battle of Sakharkheda–Fathkhelda: Asaf Jah defeated Mubariz Khan, governor of Malwa representing the Mughal Empire, and becomes Nizam of Hyderabad.
  • 1761: Malkapur pays money to Raghunathrao Peshwa for exception.
  • 1729: Gates erected in Malkapur town during the rule of Mali Khan
  • 1769: Madhavrao I Peshwa with minister of Nizam encamped at Mehkar to punish Janoji Bhonsle.[clarification needed]
  • 1790: Dyers flee to Nandura from Pimpalgaon Raja due to depredations of Mahadaji Sindhia and Pendhari
  • 1803: Raghuji Bhonsle and Daulat Rao Sindhia meet the British envoy near Malkapur
  • 1841: Mongal Rao plants flags of Maratha Bhonsla on the walls of Jamod
  • 1863: Great Indian Peninsula Railway line opened passing through Malkapur & Shegaon
  • 1878: Gajanan Maharaj was found on a street in Shegaon.
  • 1881: Municipal council established in Shegaon.
  • 1906: Municipal council established in Malkapur.
  • 1930: Municipal council established in Chikhli.
  • 1931: Municipal council established in Nadura.
  • Places of interest

  • Lonar, site of Lonar crater lake and Lonar Sanctuary
  • Shri Shiddheshwar Bhagwan Sansthan, Kolara: 10 km from Chikhali on Mehakar Road, Place of Kalbhairav, also Visit Rambhau Maharaj Sansthan.
  • Sindkhed Raja, birthplace of Veer Mata Jijabai, mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji and palace of Lakhuji Jadhav
  • Temple of Shri Renuka Devi in Chikhli
  • Balaji Temple, Vyankatgiri, Buldhana
  • Budheshwar Temple, Madh, Buldhana (From this place river Painganga originates)
  • Temple of Jagadamba Mata, Buldhana
  • Balaji Temple in Mehkar
  • Balaji Temple in Deulgaon Raja
  • Dargah of Hazrath Sailani Baba in Sailani near Raipur
  • Dargah Of Hazrat Shah Inayatullah Sabri(R.), Nandura
  • Dargah of Hazrat Sufi Sar Mast Kalandar(R.), Nandura
  • Panch Pandav temple Kawhala
  • Shri Bapuji Maharaj in Malegaon
  • Dnyanganga Sanctuary
  • Ambabarva Sanctuary
  • The world’s biggest Hanuman idol 105 feet in Nandura
  • Malegaon Gond Bapuji Maharaj Temple
  • Palsi Supo Supoji Maharaj Temple
  • Hanuman Mandir by Samarth Ramdas at Waghali, near Khamgaon
  • Holy Buddha vihara garadgoan, near khamgaon
  • Kondhana Jagdamba Utsav Mandal in Mutthe-Layout, Buldhana
  • Parmanand Sarashwati maharaj Temple at Ran-antari Tq Chikhali ran-antri is near to ambashi
  • Maruti temple at Ambashi .Tq.Chikhali.Dist.Buldana.
  • Jagadamba Mata Temple Ambashi Tq.Chikhali Dist. Buldhana.
  • Sant Gajanan Maharaj Temple,Shegaon Tq Shegaon