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Nanded district,Maharashtra

Nanded is the city in Maharashtra state of India. Nanded is 8th largest Urban agglomeration of Maharashtra. It is also headquarters of Nanded district and second largest city in Marathwada region after Aurangabad. Nanded has been a major place for Sikh pilgrimage.10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh made Nanded as his permanent abode and passed Guruship to Guru Granth Sahib before his death in Nanded.Nanded is located on the banks of Godavari river.Nanded was famous for its Vedic rituals on the sacred banks of river Godavari. Urvashi Ghat, Ram Ghat, Govardhan Ghat are some of them . Nanded has been the regional education hub which has Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University at Vishnupuri. Nanded is also known for its health services.

History

One of the oldest and historic cities in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra, Nanded is situated on the north bank of the Godavari River.[4] The Nanda dynasty ruled over Nanded for generations in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. Nanded was also part of the Maurya Empire under Ashoka (c. 272 to 231 BCE). Nanded District is located in the southeastern part of Maharashtra, Bordering Telangana. The name Nanded is widely believed to have originated from “NANDI” the Vahan of Lord Shiva, who performed penance on the banks (TAT) of River Godavari. This “NANDI TAT” became NANDED. Today, Nanded gains prominence from the Sikh Gurdwara which is erected at the place where Guru Gobind Singh, the last Sikh Guru, died in 1708.

Early mentions of Nanded and irrigation practices are found in the Leela Charitra, a treatise written about 700 years ago by Mhaimbhatta.[5] The city was formerly known as Nanditat (Marathi: ??????) according to a copper plate inscription found at Vasim. Nanded District and the adjoining areas were ruled over by the Andhrabhrtyas and Satvahanas during the first century AD.

In 1708, the year following Aurangzeb’s death, Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs, came to Nanded. He proclaimed himself the last living Guru and established the Guru Granth Sahib as the eternal Guru of Sikhism, elevating the reverence of the text to that of a living leader. Around 1835, Maharaja Ranjit Singh oversaw the construction of a gurdwara at Nanded. Located at the site of Guru Gobind Singh’s cremation, the gurdwara is part of the Hazur Sahib.

Nanded became part of the Hyderabad State in 1725 and continued to be part of the Nizam’s dominions until 1948.After India gained independence in 1947, the Indian Armed Forces annexed Hyderabad and ended the rule of the Nizam in Operation Polo,making Nanded part of the new Hyderabad State. Nanded, being a Marathi speaking area, is part of Maharashtra, based on India’s linguistic state formation.

Roots of Sikhism in Nanded

Nanded is associated with the first as well as the last Sikh Gurus. While Shri Guru Nanak Dev travelled through Nanded City towards south and Sri Lanka, Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji spent his last few days of earthly life here. He arrived here with emperor Bahadur Shah-I towards the end of August in 1707 AD. The Mughal emperor went to Golconda, and Guru Gobind Singh Ji decided to stay in Nanded.

It appears that Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji had followed the emperor through Rajasthan and Central Province to Deccan (South) in the hope that justice would be meted out and punishment would be given to his persecutors, murderers of his young sons and to those who executed numerous innocent Sikhs. But finding that the emperor was not interested in punishing the culprits, the Guru was disappointed and decided to part with the emperor. In the first week of October 1708, having understood that the time had come to leave the mortal attire and to depart, the Guru is reported to have taken five coins and a coconut and placed them before the Sikh holy scriptures Granth Sahib thereby installing the Granth Sahib as Guru. The five coins are symbolically known as Sangat or the congregation. Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji and formally passed on the spiritual light of Guruship to Guru Granth Sahib. The Shabad-Guru of the Sikhs was thus immortalised.

Tourism

Nanded is one of the historical places in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra State. Its history dates back to the period when it was known as Nandi Tatt. Places of historical importance include the Kandhar Fort built during the reign of Rashtrakuta king Krishna III Kaleshwar Temple near Vishnupuri is a temple dedicated to The Lord Shiva, is famous for its Hemadpanthi architecture

Nanded is famous for its Vedic rituals on the sacred banks of river Godavari. Urvashi Ghat, Ram Ghat, Govardhan Ghat are some of them. Temples like Kaleshwar temple, Shani Temple,in mondha on Ram Ghat. Yagyavalkya Vedpathshala Saraswati temple in Shree nagar,Rajput sangh renuka mata temple ,Marwadi Dharma Shala Hanuman Temple, Other Temples in locality of Famous old area Holi and Mondha tower are exceptional.

Temple buildings in Trikut Village is the Nabhishthan (centre point) of the River Godavari, is believed to be very sacred for Hindus

The Siddheshwar temple at Hottal built during the Chalukya era is a marvelous piece of Hemadpanti temple structure.[14] Tadkhel Village ( in Degloor Taluka ) has Lord Shiva Temple, Fully made up of big stones, with old scriptures on a big stone, constructed by Senapati of one of the Hindu King hundreds of years ago. Tadkhel Village also has Jagdamba Mata Mandir which is 2nd major temple after Chandrapur Temple.

Nanded has historic and spiritual significance for the Sikhs. Sikh Gurdwaras. In 1708, Guru Gobind Singh the tenth spiritual leader of the Sikhs came over to Nanded, his permanent abode. It was he who preached amongst the Sikhs that there need not be any spiritual leader for them and they should take Granth Sahib as their leader. In 2008, the tercentenary of this occasion, Guru-ta-Gaddi celebrations were held in Nanded. A Gurdwara has also been constructed where Guru Gobind Singh died. It is known as Hazur Sahib Nanded

Gurdwara of Hazur Sahib Nanded: built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the ruler of Punjab from 1830 to 1839 A.D. it is one of the five High seats of Authority of the Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh died here and his remains are preserved along with various weapons.

Nanded Fort :Situated 4 km away from the Nanded Railway Station, the Nanded Fort has a beautiful location. Sensuous Godavari River encloses the fort on three sides. There is a good garden and water works enhancing its natural beauty. It is under renovation work

Mahur is home to goddess Renuka, and forms one part of the Saade Teen Shaktipeeth (three and a half seats of Deity of Power). It also has a Parshuram Mandir. Located on two adjoining hills, the Mahur fort was an important point on the major route from the North to the Deccan.

Sahasrakund Waterfalls is a favourite destination for tourists during the monsoon. Situated in Islapur village in Kinwat taluka, it is also accessible by train.

Unkeshwar village in Kinwat taluka also has a famous Shiva temple. Hot water springs with contents of sulphur and phosphate are believed to have medicinal properties.

Notable people

  • Guru Gobind Singh: last Sikh Guru, died in Nanded.
  • Pachlegaonkar Maharaj: Rashtra Sant, Founder of Mukteshvar Dal, Hindu Rashtra Sena. Social Activist. leader of Hyderabad Liberation Struggle.
    Vaman Pandit – (Famous Poet)
  • Shri Kamalkishor Kadam (Former Education Minister)
  • Shankarrao Chavan (Former Home Minister of India, Former Chief Minister of Maharashtra)
  • Ashok Chavan (President Maharashtra Congress & Former Chief Minister of Maharashtra, MP Nanded Loksabha)
  • Narhar Ambadas Kurundkar (Scholar, critic and writer)