Osmanabad district is an administrative district in the Marathwada region of the state of Maharashtra in India. The district headquarters are located at Osmanabad, erstwhile Dharashiv. Temple of goddess Tuljabhavani at Tulajapur is famous in India. This primarily rural district occupies an area of 7569 km² of which 241.4 km² is urban and has a population of 1,660,311 of which 16.96% were urban (as of 2011).
The city Osmanabad actually derives its name from Nizam Osman Ali, the last ruler of Hyderabad, of which the region was a part till 1947 and Osmanabad’s history dates way back to the era of the Ramayana where Lord Rama is said to have spent some of his exile in parts of Osmanabad. As per historical evidences, the district was ruled by the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Rashtrakutas, and Yadavas. In early centuries the city belonged to the Hindu Chalukyas and Devagiri Yadavas, but later became a part of the Bahmani and Bijapur kingdoms.
For a period of time, it was also ruled by the Mughals, Bahmani, Nizam and Adil shahi kingdoms. Before the Hyderabad Nizam’s rule, it was under control of the Mughal King Aurangzeb. Being under the Nizam rule, the district did not celebrate its freedom when the rest of India became independent in 1947. However, soon in 1948, Hyderabad State was merged with independent India and the district became a part of the then Mumbai District. It became a part of Maharashtra State when the State was formed in 1960. Osmanabad has a historic lineage dating back to the days of Marathwada and even before that to several kingdoms of which the region was a part. Osmanabad was earlier known as Dharashiv, possibly because of the Dharashiv Caves situated outside the city. Osmanabad is famous for its religious shrines for Hindus, Buddhist, Jains and other communities and places of historical importance as well.
The city of Osmanabad has an elevation of 653 metres (2,142 ft). Osmanabad city is located in the west central part of Osmanabad Tahsil, but relatively central for the district as a whole. Tuljapur, Bhoom, Paranda, Washi, and Kalamb are the nearby towns. Solapur, located southwest of Osmanabad in Solapur district, is the nearest sizable city.Osmanabad is on Balaghat Pathar. Bhogavati river flows through the city & meets Sina River near Mohol in Solapur district.
Dharashiv Caves are 5th century Buddhist caves located 8 km from Osmanabad city. These caves are protected by Government of Maharashtra.
Tuljapur in Osmanabad district is famous for Tulja Bhavani Temple built by Raje Shahaji. Persons from all over Maharashtra visit the temple for worship. Tulja Bhavani College of Engineering is located near the city.
Kati village in Tuljapur Division has two mosques said to be more than 500 years old. The larger is called Jamia Masjid. The smaller Masjid is older and very small with a mysterious typical architecture.
Naldurg is another historical place in Osmanabad with a beautiful historic fort.
Shelagoan(jagir) is a place where there is a Maruti Temple.
Mankeshwar is a place where there is a Hemadpanthi Shiv Temple and goddess Satwai Devi temple.
Yedshi Ramling Ghat Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the villages of Yedshi, Wadgaon and Bhanasgaon in Osmanabad Tehsil.
Railway Circuit house in Yedshi was built in the 1870s by the British Government for top railway officers of that era. It is an architectural gem and provides a good view of the forest. The Circuit House is currently under control and administration of Indian Railway and reserved for Railway Class 1 Officers.
The district also offers some worth visiting sites to name a few are: Saint Goroba Temple, Dharashiv Caves, Ramling (Temple of Lord Shiva), Wadgaon Siddheshwar (Temple of Lord Shiva), Naldurg Fort and Paranda Fort etc. Jain temple, Trivikram Mandir, Chaity,Museum these worth sites . New excavation is in progressand more than five hundreds things discovered. The work will continue up to 31 March 2015