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Palghar District,Maharashtra

Palghar District is a district in the state of Maharashtra in Konkan Division.On 1 August 2014, the Maharashtra State government announced the formation of the 36th district of Maharashtra, when a new Palghar District was carved out of the old Thane district; it comprised the talukas of Palghar, Vada, Vikramgad, Jawhar, Mokhada, Dahanu, Talasari and Vasai-Virar. At the 2011 Census, the talukas now comprising the district had a population of 2,990,116.

Palghar has an urban population of 1,435,210, that is 48% of total population is living in Urbanized Area. The district is bounded by Thane and Nashik Districts on the east and northeast, and by Valsad District of Gujarat state and Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli on the north. The Arabian Sea forms the western boundary, while Vasai-Virar is part of Mumbai Metropolitan Region.

History
Until 1 August 2014, the talukas now comprising Palghar District formed a part of Thane District. After a struggle and demand for almost 25 years, for bifurcation, the creation of the new district was approved by the Cabinet of Maharashtra on 13 June 2014 and the new district of Palghar came into existence on 1 August. Abhijit S. Bangar was the first Collector of the district.
Geography

The district is the northernmost part of the Konkan lowlands of Maharashtra. It comprises the wide amphitheatre like Ulhas basin on the south and hilly Vaitarna valley on the north together with plateaus and the slopes of Sahyadri. From the steep slopes of the Sahyadri in the east, the land falls through a succession of plateaus in the north and centre of the district to the Ulhas valley in the south. The distance from the parts of different palaces to headquarters Palghar by road is as follows: Khodala 138 km, Mokhada 112 km, Jawhar 75 km, Vikramgad 60 km.

The main river flowing through the district is the Vaitarna. The river has many tributaries; the most important of them are Barvi and Bhatsa, Pinjal, Surya, Daherja and Tansa. Vaitarna, the largest of Konkan Rivers rises in the Tryambak hills in Nashik district, opposite to the source of Godavari. The river flows across Shahapur, Vada and Palghar talukas and enter the Arabian Sea through a wide estuary off Arnala. Vaitarna River is 154 km long and has a drainage area that practically covers the entire northern part of the district.

Ulhas river which flows to Arabian see is Vasai creek, district’s southern border.
Arnala Island is located in Vasai taluka, at the entrance to the Vaitarna estuary.
Transport

Palghar is well connected via road and rail transport. Palghar acts as a divisional head of MSRTC Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation. MSRTC provides direct connectivity to several towns across Maharashtra including Miraj, Pune, Vaduj, Thane, Bhiwandi, Aurangabad, Ahmednagar,Kalyan,Alibag,Nandurbar,Bhusaval, Shirdi, Nashik etc. from Palghar.

Palghar is an important railway station on the Western Railway line of Mumbai Suburban Railway. Along with Shuttle/Memu/EMU(Local trains) services, many long distance trains also stop here.

Education

The Town has a number of Schools and Colleges. In the past few years, a number of construction projects have sprouted in the region. There is tremendous scope to set up new schools & colleges for increasing staying population. St. John College of Engineering and Technology, St. John Institute of Pharmacy and Research, St. John Institute of Management and Research