Anjaw District (Pron:/’ænd??:/) is an administrative district in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in north-east India. It is a newly created district, having been split from Lohit district on 16 February 2004 under the Arunachal Pradesh Re-organization of Districts Amendment Bill.The district borders China on the north. Hawai, at an altitude of 1296 m above sea level, is the district headquarters, located on the banks of the Lohit River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River. It is the easternmost district in India.The easternmost community in Anjaw is the village of Dong.
Anjaw is the second least populous district in India (out of 640)
The main rivers are the following:
The main crops are maize, millet, rice, beans, cardamom, orange, pears, plum, and apple.
There is one Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituency located in this district: Hayuliang. It is part of the Arunachal East Lok Sabha constituency.
The district has seven administrative units:
The Mishmi, and the Zakhring (formerly called Meyor) are the main tribes in the district.
Flora and fauna
The district is rich in wildlife. Rare mammals such as Mishmi takin, Red goral, Gongshan muntjac, Leaf muntjac occurs while among birds there is the rare Sclater’s Monal. A pine, Pinus merkusii is found only in this district in the entire northeastern India.A flying squirrel, new to science has also its range in this district. It has been named as Mishmi Hills Giant Flying Squirrel, Petaurista mishmiensis.