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Changlang district,Arunachal Pradesh

Changlang is a census town and headquarters of the Changlang district in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. It has become one of the major districts in the area owing to the presence of crude oil, coal and mineral resources other than tourism and hydro power.

Changlang is located at 27.12°N 95.71°E.

As of 2001 India census,Changlang had a population of 6394. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. Changlang has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 78% and female literacy of 65%. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

History

During the Burma Campaign of World War II, the Changlang district was where the Ledo Road began, and a neglected World War II war cemetery can still be visited at Jairampur.It is situated nearby Indian Army Camp of Jairampur. Unlike mainland India, Britain never colonized Changlang. Changlanese natives during the silk road era knew about Tea trading and tea traders. A Singpho (they are called Jinpo or jingphaw in Myanmar and China) leader of Changlang district then (now those areas comes under upper assam) is believed to be responsible for disclosing secrets of tea planting/cultivation/plantation to the British.

In recent times, Naga militants (both Kaplang faction – kaplang was born as Burmese side changlanese naga – as well as Muiwa faction) who were demanding for Nagalim (“Land of Naga people”, which includes Myanmar) had given Indian Army sleepless night. The conflict situations has subsided in past 2–3 years. Arunachal Pradesh Home ministry recently has asked Indian Army to withdraw excess army men. Changlang also suffered from lost generation as many youngsters were abducted by Naga militants to recruit in their armies, many of them never return; some of them are believed to be still fighting in Myanmar.

Economy
The Dihing is the main source of fishes for the local people.The fresh water fishes are very much in demand they hardly reach major towns nearby like Tinsukia, Doomdooma, Digboi and Dibrugarh.
Administrative divisions

There are 5 Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituencies located in this district: Bordumsa, Miao, Nampong, Changlang South and Changlang North. All of these are part of Arunachal East Lok Sabha constituency.

The Changlang district has four Sub-Divisions namely Changlang, Miao, Jairampur and Bordumsa.

Changlang Sub-Divisions (Chanlang Block) covers four circles, namely Changlang (14,718 people), Khimiyang (3,506 people), Namtok (3,085 people) and Yatdam.

Miao Sub-Division (Khagam-Miao Block) covers three circles namely Miao (20,266 people), Kharsang (9,509 people) and Vijoynagar (3,988 people).

Jairampur Sub-Division (Nampong-Manmao Block) covers four Circles, namely Nampong (4,424 people), Manmao (3,814 people), Jairampur (7,836 people) and Rima-putak.

And Bordumsa Sub-Division (Bordumsa-Diyun Block) has got only two circles Bordumsa (25,369 people) and Diyun (28,907 people).

Total, there are thirteen Circles, four Blocks and four Subdivisions in Changlang district.

There are two municipalities Changlang (6,469 people) and Jairampur (5,919 people) The administrative setup is based on single line administration which aims to keep close co-operation amongst various developmental departments with the district administration and thus, to work together for the speedy development of the area. The district has four Sub-Divisions and a total of 12 circles as shown in Table 2.1 below. The Deputy Commissioner being the overall in-charge of the district administration maintains law and order with the help of administrative officers and police forces. Moreover, the villagers have their own customary administrative systems in the form of traditional village councils consisting of the Gaon Buras and members.

Tourism
Places to visit are World War II cemetery in Jairampur, Indo-Myanmar border town Nampong and Pangsau Pass. Another place of interest is Bordumsa where the rich culture of the Tais and Singpho exist.