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Bongaigaon district,Assam

Bongaigaon is the 2nd largest city in Lower Assam after Guwahati and 4th largest in Assam and one of the most important cities in Assam. The city is one of the biggest commercial and industrial hubs of North-East India and also of Assam. It is also the 4th largest city of Assam by municipal area & population. Bongaigaon City acts as a gateway to Western Assam. The Asian Development Bank selected the city on their urban planning list of cities from other countries of Asia. Bongaigaon is one of the most populated urban agglomerations in west Assam with line of Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Jorhat and Silchar. The City is the administrative headquarters and municipal board of Bongaigaon District.

It was the last capital of the Kamatapur Kingdom and home to many historical monuments of Assamese culture. The city, divided into two parts – Old Bongaigaon and New Bongaigaon – is situated 180 kilometres (112 mi) north west of Guwahati, largest city of Assam. To meet the demands of Bodos of Assam, Bongaigaon was divided up to give way for Chirang district. Bongaigaon has a major petrochemical industry, the Indian Oil Corporation Limited[1](IOCL BGR). The town occupied a place in the map of Indian Railway with the establishment of the railway station in the year 1908. Most of the institutions like ITI, Bongaigaon College, Office of the Assam State Electricity Board in the early 1960s and in fact the very base of the development of the town was laid in this decade only. The development further gained momentum with the establishment of the Bongaigaon Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited(BRPL)Complex in the year 1972 at Dhaligaon and also Thermal Power Plant at Salakati. Though these areas are not within the limit of Bongaigaon Municipality the town also caters to the demand of this population. The Bongaigaon Town Committee was first constituted in the year 1961 and was upgraded to a Municipal Board in the year 1977. Presently the Municipal Area consists of 25 nos. of wards covering an area of 14.31 sq m.

The city today has evolved to be one of the major commercial and business hubs of the state with growing numbers of shopping malls, restaurants, hotels, residential apartments and educational institutions. The city also serves as the base for tourism to famous places such as the Manas National Park.Centrally located within the state, the city depicts a vibrant Assamese township and culture, making it one of the most preferred places for local people to congregate.

History
The district of Bongaigaon was created on 29 September 1989 from parts of Goalpara and Kokrajhar districts.2004 saw a loss of size when part of the district was split to make Chirang district.
Geography
Bongaigaon district occupies an area of 1,724 square kilometres (666 sq mi),comparatively equivalent to Réunion.Bongaigaon district is surrounded by Barpeta in the east, the Brahmaputra in the south and Kokrajhar in the north and west corner.
Economy
In 2006 the Indian government named Bongaigaon one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the eleven districts in Assam currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Localities in Bongaigaon

  • Mayapuri
  • Borpara
  • Paglasthan
  • Mahabeersthan
  • Chapaguri
  • Dhaligaon
  • New Bongaigaon
  • Borsongaon
  • Deuripara
  • BOC Gate
  • Rolling Mill
  • Dolaigaon
  • Notunpara
  • Kururmari
  • Hatimutra
  • Salbari