Nagaon (previously Nowgong, is a city and a municipal board in Nagaon district in the Indian state of Assam. It is situated 120 kilometres (75 mi) east of Guwahati.It has a population of 147,231. As per population, it is the fifth largest city of Assam after Guwahati,Jorhat, Silchar and Dibrugarh.
In education section, total literates in Nagaon city are 98,068 of which 52,690 are males while 45,378 are females. Average literacy rate of Nagaon city is 93.43 percent of which male and female literacy was 98.58 and 88.08 percent.
Nagaon city is governed by Municipal Board which comes under Nagaon Urban Agglomeration.
Batadrowa gave birth to the famous Vaishnavite reformer Sankardeva, who brought about a Renaissance in Assamese society. Located in the very heartland of Assam, it falls directly at the center of the entire northeast of India. An old district which dates back to 1833, it is Assam’s most populous district, which probably prompted its old British administrators to jocularly describe Nagaon as a district of 3 c’s: chickens, children and cases.
The region was called Khagarijan in older records.
In 1983, the district was rocked by the Nellie massacre, which killed at least 2,191 people.
On 29 September 1989, Marigaon district was split from Nagaon.
The district headquarters are located at Nagaon. Nagaon district occupies an area of 3,831 square kilometres (1,479 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to the Philippines’ Bohol Island.
National protected area
The Agar perfume industry is also at Hojai, making Nagaon, in its many undiscovered facets, Assam’s best kept secret. It is known as the RICE BOWL of Assam. Economy of Nagaon District, in terms of natural resources endowment, is purely agrarian. In fact, agriculture is the backbone of the entire economy of this district of Assam. It is providing livelihood to almost 78 percent of the total population. Rice is the staple food of the inhabitants and paddy is the principal crop cultivated in the district. Floods, however, are a major obstruction in the development of this sector. However, measures for the development of this prime sector of economy have been taken. Besides agriculture, economy of Nagaon District also includes another major sector that is fisheries.
Assam gets a lot of rainfall still the state produces just about 5.7 percent of the total freshwater fish production in India. Nagaon district accounts for near about 9 percent of the total fish production of the state. Further, there is a visible dominance of imported fish in the organized markets. There are around 20 small and big rivers, large areas of water bodies, swamps and beels in Nagaon District having unique potential for development of inland fisheries. The district also has strong fishermen population. Another advantage that the district enjoys is high water table. Moreover, it has been observed that more and more people are opting for fisheries as a livelihood option.
The economy of Nagaon District also suggests that there has been a lot of development in aquaculture technologies during the last few decades. However, absence of fishing on commercial principles characterizes the low level of productivity. As the productivity levels are low, profits in the sector get reduced. Further, this sector also lacks proper funding. Animal husbandry is another major sector contributing to the economy of Nagaon District. Production is less than the demand in the district. The climatic condition of the district is suitable for poultry farming. Most of the poultry birds are reared in small units. Non availability of quality poultry feed in the local market along with high cost of ingredients and limited supply of essential medicines are the major constraints for development of this sector. The low productivity of the dairy animals is apparently due to poor genetic character of the local cows. However, considering demand and supply in the district, there is ample scope for development of animal husbandry in the district, particularly in rural areas adjacent to urban and semi-urban areas.
The handloom industry is the most important cottage industry in Assam and it is also a major part of the economy of Nagaon District. It is closely associated with art and culture of the society. Weaving of fabrics is a way of livelihood of large number of rural families and artisans. However, this important sector is yet to be exploited commercially. Economy of Nagaon District comprises several industries like tea industry, jute industry, sugar mills, etc. Tea manufacturing is the predominant industry in the district. In Nagaon District, there is good scope for agro-based industries including pisciculture and sericulture. But several factors like power shortage, seasonal floods, shortage of industrial labour, etc. hinder the development of the various economic activities in this district.
Last but not the least; handicraft is an important cottage and household industry sector and a significant part of the district`s economy. It is largely emphasized for providing self-employment opportunities in the rural areas.
Places of attraction
The Birthplace of Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardeva, the great Artist, Author, founder of Vaishnavism Religion, Dramatist etc. of Assam. The place is situated 18 km North – West from Nagaon town, There are two Sattras one is Narowa Sattra and other is Salaguri Sattras. The mini Museum is there in Narowa Sattras.
Also known as Pokhi Tirtha, this is where Migratory Birds from different place of the world comes in winter Season. The distance of the place is 16 km towards East from Nagaon town.
Rock garden amusement park and Tanz water park
Situated near Samaguri,it is a new attraction for the Nagaon public.
The Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary is situated at Lowkhowa namely covering an area of 70.13 km² at a distance of 25 km from Nagaon Town. Its main attraction is the Great Indian One-horned Rhinoceros. Other animals are Tiger, Leopard, Asiatic Buffalo, Wild Boar, Civet Cat, Leopard Cat, Hog Deer etc. Various species of birds and reptiles are also found in Laokhowa.
Champawati Kunda is a famous falls situated in Chapanala in Nagaon district.
The Sub-division town situated at a distance of 48 km east of Nagaon is a historic place. As it initially was the headquarters of Barphukans during the Ahom days. It was also the scene of several battles against the Muslim invaders.
Situated at a road distance of almost 50 km from Nagaon is a vital and picturesque river port lying on the South bank of the mighty Brahmaputra. Pre-communication links of Central Assam across the Brahmaputra are maintained through this port town. Besides, playing host to the Assam Co-operative Jute Mill, Silghat also has several temples to enthrall visitors. A big Samantagiri hillock draws big crowds from everywhere.
This sub-divisional town is situated at a distance of 61 km from nagaon and is renowned as the granary of Assam, besides its more allusive claim to being the centre of the Agar perfume industry. It is also the principal whole-sale market for rice in assam. Besides rice, sugar-cane, mustard and jute,vegetables are also grown in abundance.It is the home of perfume baron Badruddin Ajmal.
Situated at about 6 km from Hojai has become well known after the recent discovery of remnants of a fort and three stone temples decorated with carvings and base -reliefs. Seven Siva Lingas have also been excavated and preserved here. An 11th-century idol of Chamunda has been discovered at Navanga village, 2 km from Jugijan.
Situated 34 km, south-east of Nagaon was the seat of the Doboka kingdom, mentioned in the Allahabad inscription of Gutpta Emperor Samudragupta according to some historians. The Akashiganga waterfall, near Dabaka is a favourite with many picknickers.It is now predominantly a Muslim dominated area.
Situated at about 22 km west of Nagaon it was an important Chowki during the Ahom Days. Today, Raha is an important trade centre for agricultural products such as paddy, jute and mustard. An important institution here is the Fishery Training College – the first of its kind in Nagaon.
Kamakhya Temple (Not to be confused with the Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati)
The famous Kamakhya Temple is situated in Silghat (Bank of the river Brahmaputra). The Ashok Astami Melas held every year near Kamakhya Temple.
Namghars and associated temples
There are many namghars in Nagaon,but the main ones are BHARALI NAMGHAR :- It is situated in Hatbar.BORDOWA NAMGHAR :- This Namghar is situated in Nagaon Sattra, where Mahapurush Sankardev was born.SAUBHAGYA MADHAV, DULAL MADHAV and GOPAL MADHAV are three ancient temples built during the reign of the Ahom King Shiva Singha.
LUMDING AND CHAPARMUKH
These are two very important railway junctions and naturally serve as trading centres as well. Lumding is also the divisional headquarters of the NF railway. Various small scale industries including candle works and trunk factories are also located at Lumding.
This is a village famous for its local Assamese gold plated ( traditional ) ornaments. The distance of Ranthali is 4 km from Nagaon town towards the West.
Located at 35 km from Nagaon, it is famous for its earthen wares.It is also a Muslim dominated area.
Place of war between british and assamese. one can get its details in PHULAGURI DHEWA