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Sonitpur district,Assam

Sonitpur is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. It stands among the largest districts of Assam. In terms of area Sonitpur is the second largest district of Assam after Karbi Anglong district. It is spread over an area of 5324 km2 on the northern banks of Brahmaputra, the lifeline of Assam. The population of Sonitpur district is 19, 24,110 as per 2011 Census. It is the third most populous district of Assam (out of 27), after Nagaon and Dhubri.The demography of Sonitpur district is not entirely homogenous as several linguistic, religious and ethnic communities and groups live in Sonitpur district. It is also home to several natural beauty and wildlife hotspots with number of such wildlife sanctuaries, national parks are situated in and around Sonitpur. The district headquarters are located at Tezpur. Distance from State Capital (Dispur) is 198 km (via Nagaon) and 181 km (via Mangaldoi).

Etymology
The name Tezpur is derived from the Sanskrit words ‘Teza’ (meaning blood) and ‘Pura’ (meaning town or city). Legend has it that the original name of this place was ‘Sonitpur’ (“sonit” in Sanskrit also means blood), the capital of asura king, Banasura, a devout of Shiva. Later his daughter Usha had a Gandharva marriage with Aniruddha, the grandson of Lord Krishna, whom she had abducted with the help of Chitralekha. On finding this Banasura imprisoned Aniruddha. Subsequently, in the battle between Krishna’s army and Banasura’s army fought for the rescue of Aniruddha, the grandson of Lord Krishna, according to legend, there was so much bloodshed that the whole place was stained in red. This led to the name of the place becoming Tezpur. It is the “seventh largest city” of Assam after Guwahati, Silchar, Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Nagaon and Tinsukia.
History
Sonitpur district was created in 1983 when it was split from Darrang.Udalguri was also carved out for the BTAD.
Geography
Sonitpur district occupies an area of 5,324 square kilometres (2,056 sq mi),comparatively equivalent to Guadalcanal.Major Rivers in the district are Brahmaputra, Jiabharali, Gabharu, Borgang & Buroi.
National protected area

  • Nameri National Park
  • Orang National Park (Part)
  • Climate
    Sonitpur District falls in the Sub-Tropical climatic region, and enjoys Monsoon type of climate. Summers are hot and humid; with an average temperature of 29 °C. Summer rain is heavy which is both a boon and a bane for the people. A boon, for it provides natural irrigation to the fields; and a bane, as it causes the rivers to overflow their banks and cause floods. Winters extend from the month of October to February, and are cold and generally dry, with an average temperature of 16 °C. It gets quite chilling in late December and early January, on account of snowfall in the upper reaches of Arunachal Pradesh.
    Notable personalities
    Tezpur is considered to be the cultural capital of Assamese culture. Being from the core Assamese cultural region, the town has produced many stalwarts such as:

  • Dr. Bhupen Hazarika
  • Rupkonwar Jyoti Prasad Agarwala (1903–51)
  • Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha (1909–69)
  • Phani Sarma (1909–70)
  • Ananda Chandra Agarwala (1874–1939).
  • Somnath Chatterjee, birthplace of the former Speaker of the Indian Parliament (2004–2009)
  • Some other notable persons are :

  • Chandra Kumar Agarwala
  • Dandinath Kalita
  • Kamalakanta Bhattacharya
  • Lambodhar Bora