South Salmara-Mankachar District is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India. The district headquarters are located at Hatsingimari town which is situated at about 245 km from Guwahati, the state capital. Earlier it was a sub-division of Dhubri District.
The name South Salmara-Mankachar comes from the Legislative constituency South Salmara and Mankachar.
South Salmara-Mankachar District was created by bifurcating Old Dhubri district in 2016. On 15th August, 2015 Assam’s Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi announced 5 new administrative district in Assam; South Salmara Mankachar was one among those. On 9th February, 2016 Commisioner M.I. Ahmed inaugurated South Salmara-Mankachar as an administrative district at a function in Hatsingimari with the presence of thousands of people.
South Salmara-Mankachar district occupies an area of 568 square kilometres (219 sq mi). It is bounded both by interstate and international borders: Bangladesh in the West and South; Goalpara and Dhubri districts of Assam in the North; and the state of Meghalaya in the East and South.
South Salmara-Mankachar District is primarily dependent on agricultural and forest products. The main source of income is paddy (both winter and autumn) with surplus production. Jute and mustard seed occupy the major share of cash crops. Wheat, maize, pulses and sugar cane are also grown moderately. From forest, mainly timber and bamboo add to the income, though boulders and sand are also available. Fish, milk, meat, and eggs have small contribution to the economy. Currently three tea gardens, whose contribution to the district economy is almost negligible, cover an area of 1362.33 hectares. Land revenue collection is minimal, whereas tax from check gates and excise duty occupy much of the government exchequer. Devoid of major industrial production, the district uses more funds for administration, development, and welfare works than it provides.
Its rich natural wealth is yet to be explored and some believe that proper utilization of natural resources could provide a boost for the struggling economy.
At present there is only one sub-divisions:
South Salmara-Mankachar, Hatsingimari (Sadar)
The district has 2 revenue circles and 2 tahsils. It has 3 police stations and 1 census town namely Mankachar.
There are two Assam Legislative Assembly constituencies in this district: 21 Mankachar, 22 South Salmara.All two are in the Dhubri Lok Sabha constituency.
There are few historical sites in the district. However, the famous ones are the tomb of Mir Jumla II and Kamakhya Temple at Mankachar.
The main places in South Salmara-Mankachar district are Hatsingimari, Mankachar, Sukchar, South Salmara, Patakata, Baghapara, Fekamari, Jhaudanga etc.